NOTE: Offers of Settlement (OS) and Letters of Acceptance, Waiver, and Consent (AWC) are entered into by Respondents without admitting or denying the allegations, but consent is given to the described sanctions and to the entry of findings.
INDUSTRY REGULATORY AUTHORITY
WALL STREET'S LEADING ONLINE COMMUNITY
DEVELOPING ENFORCEMENT TRENDS AS NOTED BY BILL SINGER
BORROWING / LENDING
Chiappetta; Mispel; Tipton; Wacik; Fisher; Kimbrough; Nord; Roberts; Russell; Kelly;Berkoff; Lacour; Meadows; Byers; Londo; Allen; Boardman; Boeckel; Bonner; Sellers; Alexander; Breeze; Dillon; Hunt; Stadelmann; Ahlert; Brusseau; Crawford; Gold; Kim; LeBlanc; Lee; Spencer Jr.
|Jordan;Andersen; AXA; Meyers; Nexcore; North American; StockCross; Ladenburg; Strasbourger; NSM; Callahan; Carr; Patel; CP; Shakoor||Andersen; Stonehurst; Brochu; Paulson; Ross; Marquis; Okoboji; CP; Gallamore|
Katherine Eileen Weems
Weems improperly accepted about $250,000 in gifts from a client of a registered representative for whom she was working, in violation of her member firmís prohibition of employees accepting gifts that would create the appearance of compromising business judgment and a conflict of interest. Weems did not obtain her member firmís prior written approval for an exception from the firmís policy.
Katherine Eileen Weems: In light of Weemsí financial status, no monetary sanctions were imposed; Suspended 3 months in all capacities; Agreed to fully and freely cooperate with FINRAís ongoing investigation, including providing truthful testimony if requested;
Don Edward Terry
Terry used his member firmís electronic accounting systems to record deposits, totaling $144,300, into his personal brokerage account, without actually physically depositing any funds into the account and utilized the fictitious balance to trade in securities for his own account. Terry would not have had sufficient funds with which to fund the securities transactions without the deposits.
Don Edward Terry: Barred
William Walter Spencer Sr.
Spencer engaged in a Ponzi scheme over a 10-year period, borrowing $1,897,718 from customers and non-customers by inducing them to sign promissory notes, representing that he would pay 10 percent to 12 percent interest and return the investorís principal in periods ranging from six months to one year. Spencer misused the funds because he knew he did not have the liquid assets or ongoing income necessary to pay interest and return the principal, and used new investor funds to pay existing investors. In other instances, Spencer automatically renewed the obligation when the promissory notes became due. Spencerís member firm prohibited loans from customers regardless of the registered representativeís relationship with the customer, unless the registered representative obtained prior written approval. Spencer never requested or received approval from his firm to accept the loans.
William Walter Spencer Sr.: Barred
Anthony Basir Shakoor
Shakoor posted messages to an electronic bulletin board using the email his member firm assigned to him, which identified him to other users as an employee of his member firm. Since the messages discussed securities, identified Shakoor as a firm employee and were disseminated to the public, he was required to obtain a firm principalís approval but failed to do so. Shakoor failed to disclose material information in posted messages and/or the messages were misleading because they failed to include a sound basis for the securities, and failed to disclose that he held positions in some of the securities for which he made recommendations. Shakoor posted messages that contained claims that were false, exaggerated, unwarranted and/or misleading; and posted messages containing recommendations without providing a reasonable basis, and predictions or projections of future stock.
Anthony Basir Shakoor: Fined $10,000; Suspended 6 months in all capacities
Bill Singer's Comment: This fact pattern is among the most common
telephone calls from Registered Reps that I get in my law practice. The
caller is usually of the
Jason Read Richmond (Principal)
Richmond created fictitious trade confirmations and used them to support proof of claims filed in class action lawsuits to recoup settlement claims in excess of $85,000 to which he was not entitled by falsely presenting himself as a legitimate class member.
Jason Read Richmond: Barred
Bill Singer's Comment: Ummm . . . okay, no quibble that what Richmond
did is wrong--possibly criminal and likely tortious.
So...okay? I mean do you get my point that I'm not defending him?
On the other hand, this has what to do with FINRA? How does this serve as a launching pad for a Bar? Perhaps there is more to this than what has been publicized -- after all, this was an AWC settlement. Nonetheless, in this post-Madoff world, one would think that FINRA would have far more on its plate than this.
However, puhleeease, don't tell me I'm defending Richmond or apologizing for him. I'm not. I'm just reminding all of us that FINRA didn't exactly do such a great job regulating some basic frauds and needs to be careful not to divert its attention to these jurisdictionally greyer areas.
Yishai Zvi Pliner
Pliner falsified IPO eligibility letters after his clients expressed an interest in participating in IPOs, but could not because their IPO eligibility letters had expired. After speaking with his clients, Pliner re-dated or recompleted eligibility letters from prior years and re-filed the falsified letters, pending the receipt of newly-executed eligibility letters. The findings also stated that, after receiving the new letters from clients, Pliner did not send them to his firm because he had already filed the falsified letters.
Yishai Zvi Pliner: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 days
Michael Keith Paul
Paul's member firm warned him not to exercise discretion in customersí variable annuity sub-accounts and required him to sign a warning letter to evidence his understanding of the firmís policies regarding the use of discretion within customer accounts. Nevertheless, Paul exercised discretion in customersí accounts without discussing the transactions with the customers. Paul had verbal authority from the customers to exercise discretion but no written permission. The transactions did not result in any fees or charges to the customers nor did the transactions yield any compensation for Paul.
Michael Keith Paul: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
Bill Singer's Comment: Take note -- careful note -- of this case
because it appears that a smart lawyer (or, if Paul handled his own case,
hats off to him) took a bad situation and made it as good as possible. By
settling this case via the AWC route, Paul was able to exert some
influence over the outcome of the case, as opposed to relying upon a
Hearing Panel. Among the manifestations of the likely quid-pro-quo
granted to him for settling seems to be a willingness by FINRA to note
two facts that slant this case a bit more favorably in Paul's direction.
One, that Paul had "verbal" discretion even if not
"written." Two, that the transactions did not financially harm
the customers or financially benefit Paul. Years from now, when
potential employers read this case (or potential litigants against Paul),
those two clarifications may have a major impact on how the case is
Separately, compliments to FINRA for providing a more even-handed statement of facts. Moreover, given the additional context, we now better understand why Paul received such a relatively light fine and suspension.
John Christopher Nori (Supervisor)
Nori denied to NYSE Regulation examiners that the branch office he supervised employed non-registered cold-callers and that they used telemarketing scripts when, in fact, there were interns at the branch office engaged in those activities. In an attempt to obfuscate the facts and mislead the examiners, Nori instructed his staff at the branch office that, if asked, the employees were to tell the examiners that there were no approved interns employed at the branch office. While either possessing personal knowledge to the contrary or after learning information to the contrary, Nori failed to fully and accurately disclose to the examiners that his member firm employed non-registered cold-callers at a branch office.
John Christopher Nori: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months in all capacities; Concurrently Suspended 6 months in any Supervisory capacity only; Required to Requalify as a Series 9 and 10 prior to beginning any supervisory position following his suspensions.
|Bill Singer's Comment: Unregistered cold callers. Telemarketing scripts. Shades of the old boiler-room days of the '80s and '90s. Given the allegations, Nori is lucky that he got off with only a $5,000 fine, a 3-month plenary suspension, and a Requal. Frankly, he could have been barred as a Supervisor and hit with a far longer suspension in all capacities. Either really great lawyering or FINRA didn't disclose some mitigating facts.|
Stephen Scott Lee
Lee borrowed $1,500 from a customer contrary to his member firmís compliance manual, which prohibited representatives from borrowing money from customers. Lee failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Stephen Scott Lee: Barred
JerryWayne LeBlanc Jr.
LeBlanc borrowed $20,000 from a customer, signed a promissory note without prior written notice to his member firm and without obtaining pre-approval from the firmís chief executive officer. LeBlanc never provided any notice, orally or in writing, to the firm concerning his borrowing arrangement with the customer and never complied with his payment obligations under the promissory note. LeBlanc falsely answered ďnoĒ on an annual firm certification form regarding borrowing money from a customer.
JerryWayne LeBlanc Jr: Fined $5,000; Suspended 13 months in all capacities
Valerie Elaine King (Principal)
Sanctions imposed upon withdrawal of appeal to the National Adjudicatory Council
King willfully failed to amend her Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer (Form U4) with material information, and failed to fully and timely respond to FINRA requests for information and documents.
Valerie Elaine King: Fined $5,000; Suspended two concurrent 2-year terms in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: Interesting case for two issues. One, the OHO sanctions were imposed upon the withdrawal of the NAC appeal -- that 's a somewhat unusual action in that virtually all appealed cases proceed. Two, King received two "concurrent" 2-year terms. I don't recall having seen such a suspension in recent years.|
Jung Han Kim aka Jay Kim
Kim borrowed money from a customer without his member firmís knowledge or permission even though he had signed a firm compliance agreement in which he specifically agreed not to borrow money or securities from a client. Kim failed to disclose that he had an outside brokerage account to his member firm, made false representations to the other firm and failed to disclose his employment with a member firm. Kim failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Jung Han Kim aka Jay Kim: Barred (sanction based upon Kim's failure to respond to FINRA requests for information).
Neal Anthony Impellizeri (Principal)
Appeal from the Office of Hearing Officers Decision to the National Adjudicatory Council
Impellizeri omitted material information regarding OTCBB securities. Impellizeri omitted from his disclosures to the customers the potentially lucrative benefits that could accrue to his member firm from his sale of the securities because of the firmís potential consulting arrangements with the issuers and positions in their stock.
NAC imposed sanctions:
Bill Singer's Comment: This looked like a fairly plain vanilla case
in which an RR gets a few thousand dollars in fines and a six-month
suspension. Then I started to poke around and read the lower
decision from the Office of Hearing Officers and the NAC decision on apeal.
Frankly, I don't like the way FINRA presents this case because it doesn't
give a full and fair representation of the significance of the Respondent
Impellizeri's victory on appeal (relative as it may be). Frankly, I
find the official disciplinary report a bit misleading.
What's missing from the FINRA discussion is a very clear and concise statement NOT merely that the NAC imposed the sanctions as published BUT that the NAC significantly modified both the OHO's findings and sanctions as against Impellizeri. However, since I am a well known critic of FINRA and some may acccuse me of overstating the issue, let me not add my own words but simply let the NAC Decision speak to the issue.
In the Matter of the Department of Member Regulation v. Steven Richard Jaloza et al. (July 28, 2009) (http://www.finra.org/web/groups/industry/@ip/@enf/@adj/documents/nacdecisions/p119659.pdf
Ronald Eugene Holtrey (Principal)
Holtrey failed to adequately supervise a registered representative who misappropriated $90,000 from customers. Holtrey failed to detect and follow up on red flags regarding the registered representativeís business with his customers, including a failure to take appropriate action as required by his member firmís supervisory procedures to review weekly sales blotters. After receiving telephone calls from a customer and her financial advisor at another firm raising concerns about the registered representativeís activities, Holtrey failed to conduct any follow-up, bring the complaint to his member firmís attention or initiate any process related to the complaint.
Ronald Eugene Holtrey: Fined $10,000; Suspended 6 months in Supervisory Capacity only; Required to requalify as a principal by examination before again acting in a principal or supervisory capacity
Sarah Rachel Goldrich
Associates Person Goldrich took a typed list of securities-related definitions and formulas that she had created into the testing area for her Series 7 examination in violation of FINRAís Test Center Rules of Conduct.
Sarah Rachel Goldrich: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 years in all capacities
Alan Howard Gold
Gold borrowed $44,043 from a member firmís customer when the firmís compliance manual generally prohibited representatives from borrowing money from customers unless the customer was an immediate family member, a registered member of the same broker dealer or a financial institution. The customer was not a ďpermittedĒ borrower.
Alan Howard Gold: Fined $5,000; Suspended 4 months in all capacities
Raymond Paul Gerrior Jr.
AWC/2008013988901/October 2009 Jr.
Gerrior fabricated a letter purportedly from his employer insurance company that falsely represented the date he commenced working as an insurance agent, and submitted the fabricated letter to the Massachusetts Division of Insurance to support his argument that he had been licensed by his member firm before a date that would have required him to complete the prescribed continuing education.
Raymond Paul Gerrior Jr.: Fined $10,000; Suspended 18 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: A $10,000 fine and a year-and-a-half suspension simply to avoid CE? Seriously, people, CE is simply one of those things you just have to deal with -- and not by other options such as paying someone to take the courses for you. I have to satisfy my own legal continuing ed every two years, some 24 hours of courses, so it's not like I don't feel your pain.|
NAME REDACTED PER RRBDlaw.com (Principal)
Through his member firm, Respondent conducted an unregistered offering of the securities of an entity for which there was no available exemption due primarily to the offering being conducted pursuant to a general solicitation, and failed to timely disclose to investors that the firm was under common control with the issuer, in that he owned both entities.
|Bill Singer's Comment: See Donaldson for similar issue involving General Solicitation this month.|
Gregory Alan Eller
Eller made unsuitable recommendations to his customers to buy closed end funds (CEFs) purchased in an initial public offering (IPO) and sell them in the short term without fully understand the pricing of CEFs and the risks and rewards of the investments. The findings stated that Ellerís recommendations contributed to his customers losing approximately $97,000. T
Gregory Alan Eller: Fined $10,000; Suspended 15 business days in all capacities
Dan Alexander Derby and Jeffry Alan Mullins
Derby and Mullins verbally communicated a guarantee against loss to an institutional investor in connection with the sale of Collateralized Debt Obligation (CDO) securities.
Dan Alexander Derby: Fined $10,000 (must be paid either immediately upon his reassociation with a FINRA member firm following his suspension, or prior to the filing of any application or request for relief from any statutory disqualification, whichever is earlier); Suspended 30 days in all capacities.
Jeffry Alan Mullins:Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 days in all capacities.
Sergio M. Del Toro (Principal)
Del Toro recommended and effected securities purchases to a customer that were unsuitable in light of the customerís age and financial condition, and received $76,650 in commissions from the investment. Del Toro engaged in private securities transactions and failed to provide written notice to his member firms describing in detail the proposed transactions, his role therein and stating whether he had received, or would receive, selling compensation in connection with the transactions. Del Toro guaranteed the customer in writing against loss.
Sergio M. Del Toro: Barred
James Sylvester Currier (Principal)
Currier acted in a principal capacity, including supervising brokers and reviewing trades, without having requalified to act in that capacity as required by the terms of a Letter of Acceptance,Waiver and Consent.
James Sylvester Currier: Fined $5,000; Suspended 6 months in all capacities; Suspended 2 years in Principal Capacity only
Bill Singer's Comment: I actually looked this up and, sure enough, in
NASD's January 2006 disciplinary reports, there is a reported case in
Given those facts, I'd say that Currier is a pretty lucky fellow to only have been hit with a 6/m all capacities suspension and anything less than a Bar as a Principal. Must have had one damn good lawyer.
Suzanne Kay Courter-Jann (Principal)
Courter-Jann backdated her firmís Annual Compliance and Supervision Certification, causing a record and document that her member firm was required to make and preserve to be inaccurate. Courter- Jann provided the certification to FINRA without disclosing that she had backdated it and/or that the date shown on it was not the date when she had signed it.
Suzanne Kay Courter-Jann: Fined $7,500; Suspended 30 days in Principal capacity only
Miguel Alberto Chavez
Chavez failed to disclose to his member firm that he opened and maintained a brokerage account at another firm, and failed to disclose to the other firm that he was a registered representative with a member firm. Chavez made material misrepresentations to his member firm about his outside business activity and made material misrepresentations to both firms regarding his outside securities account. Chavez participated in firm audits and compliance questionnaires and falsely reported that he did not participate in any outside business activities. Chavez engaged in outside business activities without providing notice to his member firm and failed to appear for FINRA on-the-record interviews.
Miguel Alberto Chavez: Barred
Kenneth Mark Carpenter
Carpenter was aware of and understood his member firmís policies and procedures relating to personal use of the corporate credit card, but, nevertheless, used his corporate credit card to pay for personal expenses and for his personal use, charging a total of $9,338.48 in personal expenses to the card.
Kenneth Mark Carpenter: Barred
Bill Singer's Comment: You're going to have to bear with me on this
one. First off, let me make this crystal clear: I am NOT defending
or excusing Carpenter's conduct. Okay -- do we at least have that premise
However, these cases involving RRs misusing corporate expense allocations or credit cards bother me because they always seem so one-sided against the little guys.
Let me throw this out for purposes of making the point. My recollection is that former Merrill Lynch & Co. Chief Executive Officer John Thain, left that firm in the wake of massive losses. However, I also recall that Thain apologized for incurring corporate expenses of $1,200,000 to renovate his office.
Help me wrestle with the differences in these cases. Carpenter helped himself to some $9,000 from his firm for personal use and Thain spent $1.2 million to renovate his office. The reason one gets charged but not the other is what? As best I understand the tortured explanations, Carpenter engaged in what many call a "theft" but Thain's apparent misuse of corporate funds is what many call a "perk." Ah...sure, that's it. Hmmm...you ever wonder if such crafty wordsmithing may have gotten us into this Great Recession to begin with?
Kevin Michael Browne (Principal)
Browne knowingly or recklessly employed devices, schemes or artifices to defraud; made untrue statements of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, concerning a Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (CMO) Program and CMO investments; or engaged in acts, practices or courses of business which operated, or would operate, as a fraud or deceit upon his customers. Browne effected transactions in, or induced the purchase or sale of, securities by means of any manipulative, deceptive or other fraudulent device or contrivance. Browne intentionally or recklessly made misrepresentations of material facts and omitted to disclose material facts to customers in connection with their CMO investments. Browne recommended risky and illiquid CMO positions to customers without investigating and understanding the products; Browne lacked reasonable grounds to believe that CMOs were suitable for his customers based on their disclosed investment experience, investment objectives, financial situation and needs. Browne exercised discretionary authority in customer accounts without his customersí prior written authorization and his firmís prior written acceptance of the accounts as discretionary.
Kevin Michael Browne: In light of Browne's financial status no fine was imposed; Suspended 1 year in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: And when should we see a rash of case coming down from FINRA imposing sanctions on the senior executives at all major firms that recommended risky and illiquid CMO positions to customers without investigating and understanding the products? You want to go after the small fry like Brown, fine, but let's be fair here. CMOs and other toxic derivatives were sold by virtually every major FINRA member firm and, in some cases, those firms pressured their RRs to push these exotic products. Obviously, there had to be many supervisors, vice presidents, CEOs, and the like who knew about this in-house push and had not similarly investigated or understood the derivatives. When will we see that laundry list of suspensions and fines?|
Linda Jo Bartley and William Arthur Donaldson
Bartley's and Donaldson's member firm entered into a ďSelling AgreementĒ with a company to serve as a selling agent for the companyís offering and sold the unregistered offering pursuant to an exemption from SEC registration pursuant to Regulation D. Acting on the firmís behalf, Bartley and Donaldson sold interests in the companyís offering to investors with whom neither they nor the firm had any pre-existing relationship prior to the time that they contacted them relating to a potential investment in the offering company, thus engaging in a general solicitation with respect to the offering. Bartley sent a document to prospective investors relating to the offering, which was not fair and balance, omitted material risks relating to the offering, and she failed to obtain approval from a firm principal prior to sending the document to prospective investors.
Linda Jo Bartley: Fined $15,000; Suspended 2 months in all capacities
William Arthur Donaldson: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 month in all capacities
Bill Singer's Comment: Nice to see the green shoots in the form of
Reg D deals; however, looks like a lot of folks are a bit rusty as to the
regulatory requirements. Make sure you don't run afoul of the Reg D
exemption by turning your offering into a general solicitation.
Although the "prior relationship" test is not the only proof you
can offer to demonstrate that a given investor was not located through a
general solicitaiton, the absence of a prior relationship is often a very
difficult fact to explain away in terms of this issue.
See Gallamore for similar General Solicitation issue this month
Kerry Dexter Barris
Barris forged a customerís signature and initials on variable annuity applications and related documents. Barris directed customers, who received an unauthorized electronic deposit of $11,280 into their bank account from the transfer agent of Barrisí member firm, to write a personal check payable to him for $11,280, and he would return the funds to the transfer agent; instead, Barris misappropriated the funds for his own use.
Kerry Dexter Barris: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: OMG!!! OMG!!! That's two in a row!!!!!! (See "Anderson" immediately below). My years of complaining seem to have paid off. FINRA is alleging "forgery" rather than an unauthorized signing or some other milder charge. I'm liking these October reports more and more. This is more like it. Say what you mean.|
Dana Reece Anderson
Anderson forged a customerís signature and initials to his member firmís documents to facilitate a variable annuity application. Anderson failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Dana Reece Anderson: Censured; Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: OMG!!! Did FINRA actually write "forged"? For a long time I've been complaining about the array of euphemisms that FINRA used to avoid calling this spade and spade, and now, we finally have it in plain English. Geez, if FINRA keeps improving at the pace that this October report suggests, I may actually have more nice than nasty things to say about the regulator.|
Synergy Investment Group LLC
The firm failed to
The Firm paid transaction-related compensation to non-registered foreign finders who did not meet the requirements for compensation; failed to provide documents to its customers that disclosed the compensation being paid to foreign finders, and the customersí confirmation statements failed to indicate that a referral or finderís fee was being paid. The foreign finder signed account documents and no one from the firm signed the documents accepting the accounts which contained discrepancies and were incomplete. Moreover, the Firm failed to establish and maintain a supervisory system reasonably designed to achieve compliance with rules relating to its foreign finders and foreign associates business.
The Firm failed to establish and maintain a supervisory system reasonably designed to achieve compliance with FINRAís advertising rules resulting in firm violations with its Web site and advertisements.
Synergy Investment Group LLC: Censured; Fined $75,000
Bill Singer's Comment: I'm wondering if FINRA hired a new editor to
write the October disciplinary reports because the quality of information
and explanation has gotten noticeably better this month - and this case is
yet another example. Keep up the good work, folks.
Note that in addition to the by now somewhat standard SAR allegations in Synergy (that comment is not intended to diminish or downplay the importance of monitoring such activity but to merely note that these lapses are becoming far too common), we see the second foreign finders' fee payment citation this month. See Bear Stearns/Fourcade for another example.
Let me take this opportunity to expand a bit on this issue.
Under FINRA/NASD Member and Registration Rule 1060: Persons Exempt from Registration, note the following
Pali Capital, Inc.
The Firm maintained the registrations for individuals employed by or affiliated with hedge funds that were firm customers and that executed trades through the firm but who were not active in the firmís investment banking or securities business, and did not function otherwise as registered representatives. The firm failed to establish, maintain and enforce an adequate supervisory system and adequate written supervisory procedures reasonably designed to achieve compliance with FINRA rules to prevent the firm from maintaining the registration of any registered representative who was not actively involved in the firmís investment banking or securities business and not functioning as a firm representative.
Pali Capital, Inc.: Censured; Fined $25,000
HP Securities, Inc.
The Firm failed to conduct searches of firm records with respect to information requests from the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
The Firm failed to
The Firm's AML compliance officer was responsible for implementing and monitoring the day-to-day operations and internal controls of the firmís AML compliance program and, for about two years, failed to include internal controls reasonably designed to achieve compliance with implementing regulations of the Bank Secrecy Act.
HP Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined 10,000 ($5,000 jt/several with unnamed party); must certify to FINRA, in writing, every three months, for one year, that it has complied with its obligations under 31 CFR Part 103.100(b)(2)(i)
CP Capital Securities, Inc.
CP Capital Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $21,500
Bill Singer's Comment: Give credit where credit is due. This is a
cogent, thoughtful report of a somewhat complex set of violations.
Compliance staff should read this case and make a note of the varied
miscues. With a hopeful revitalization of Wall Street for 2010, it
is likely that there will be an increase in private placement
activity. For those who have forgotten the ins-and-outs of that
transaction, note the errors above. Also, with a desire to increase
business comes the temptation to pay referral fees. Note the
problems in this case.
A gold star to FINRA for this one.
Bear Stearns & Co., Inc., nka J.P. Morgan Securities,
The Firm failed to
The Firm's registered representatives used marketing materials that
Bear Stearns & Co., Inc., nka J.P. Morgan Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $500,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Please note my dripping sarcasm in Fourcade below. Now, once again, I ask: Who are the senior execs at Bear Stearns nka JP Morgan responsible for these violations and why aren't they referenced in this case? How many smaller FINRA member firms simply walk away with only the firm tagged under similar circumstances and not also some Principal, Supervisor, or senior executive?|
Bear Stearns & Co., Inc., nka J.P. Morgan Securities, Inc. and Renee
The Firm shared portfolio trading commissions with Fourcade in violation of Rule 2830(k)ís prohibition against sharing investment company portfolio trading commissions with sales personnel involved in the retail sale or distribution of investment company shares. Notwithstanding its awareness of the payments, the Firm failed to supervise the arrangement and the payments thereunder, and failed to ensure compliance with FINRA directed brokerage rules.
Bear Stearns & Co., Inc., nka J.P. Morgan Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $225,000
Renee Michelle Fourcade: Censured; Fined $15,000
Bill Singer's Comment: Isn't the wake typically held before the
burial? Wow -- nothing like censuring and fining a defunct firm, or,
how does FINRA put it: an "nka" firm. I see that FINRA whacked
the firm and the Registered Rep her. Hmmm...now where or where are
the sanctions on the top executives who promulgated this policy in
violation of FINRA's rules and who knew about it but looked askance?
Well, they're not mentioned in this case. Maybe FINRA cites them
somewhere else? Not that FINRA would ever simply satisfy itself by
slamming an individual RR and a former member firm.
Also, note my equally snotty comments in Bear Stearns above
See similar foreign finder's fee case at Synergy
Stephen John Woods
Woods paid a customer $353 to compensate the customer for trading expenses, without his member firmís authorization or permission.
Stephen John Woods: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
Michael Timothy Williams
Williams provided a prospective client with a piece of sales literature for a variable annuity that he had falsified by altering it.
Williams also made verbal misrepresentations to the client about the variable annuity that were consistent with the false information in the falsified sales literature.
Michael Timothy Williams: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 year.
|Bill Singer's Comment: Once again --- am I missing something here? Has FINRA over-stated the facts to make this case look more ominous than it was or am I getting too dyspeptic in my old age and think that the facts here warrant a far more severe sanction than $5,000 and one year? I mean, geez, seriously, what the hell does it take these days to get barred? If I take the facts presented by FINRA at face value, we have an RR who materially altered a written sales document AND also made verbal misrepresentations to his customer. Okay, so maybe RRs are not subject to a fiduciary standard that exalts the client's interests above all else but, c'mon, even a lousy suitability standard imposes more ethical dealings than this.|
Kareem Isadore Washington
Washington assisted customers in opening fraudulent bank accounts and withdrawing money from the newly opened fraudulent accounts, and received approximately $4,700 in compensation for assisting in the scheme. Customers of Washingtonís member firm opened the bank accounts with falsified identifying information and made initial deposits of money with counterfeit checks drawn on the accounts of the firmís other customers. At the customersí direction, Washington made branch and automatic teller machine (ATM) withdrawals for the customers, despite knowing that the customers deposited counterfeit checks and that fraud alerts were placed on the accounts. The bank lost a total of $43,093.81 from the scheme.
Kareem Isadore Washington: Barred
Victoria Ann Toth
Toth asked a bank teller to process an $8,500 check payable to a mortgage company drawn on a bank customerís account without the customerís knowledge or consent, and forwarded the check to the company to pay Tothís mortgage. Toth admitted to the conversion when the bank questioned her, and also admitted to asking the teller to process another check for $6,500, although she claimed she had the check voided. Toth failed to respond to FINRA requests for information and to appear for an on-the-record interview. (FINRA Case #)
Victoria Ann Toth: Barred
XXX: Fined $15,000; Suspended 6 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: A nice hand for FINRA! A well presented case. Easy to follow and replete with sufficient information to be both informative and educative. Promote the author of this report--immediately; and giver her/him a huge salary increase and bonus.|
Ronald Peter Russo Jr. (Principal)
Russo failed to provide written notice to his member firm that he was engaged in outside business activities for compensation. While associated with a member firm, Russo opened an account with another member firm and failed to notify either his member firm or the executing member firm, in writing, of his association with the other firm.
Ronald Peter Russo Jr.: Fined $7,500; Suspended 60 days
Preston Douglas Runyan
Runyan affixed the signature of a public customerís spouse to a spousal consent provision on an individual retirement account (IRA) application without the spouseís permission and authorization. Runyan signed his name on the application as witnessing the spouseís signature, which he had not. The application that Runyan signed on the spouseís behalf did not contain any notation evidencing that someone other than the spouse had signed it. Runyanís member firm maintained a compliance manual prohibiting registered representatives from committing forgery.
Preston Douglas Runyan: Fined $5,000; Suspended 4 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: A fairly straightforward recitation and fair penalty. Only quibble -- why was it even necessary to note that his firm maintained a compliance manual prohibiting forgery? Frankly, it doesn't matter. If the firm's manual said he couldn't commit murder, it would be the same difference.|
Piyush Manubhai Patel
Patel engaged in private securities transactions without prior written notice to, or prior written approval from, his member firm. Patel sent and received business-related emails from firm customers at his personal (non-firm) email address and then deleted the emails to avoid detection, without providing copies to the firm.
Piyush Manubhai Patel: Barred
Johnny Amartey Nuno-Amarteifio (Representative)
While working as a loan officer with a bank affiliate of his member firm, Nuno-Amarteifio falsified documents in an effort to conceal the fact that the purpose of the loan he was processing was to finance a real estate transaction in which he had an interest. The bankís policies prohibited loan officers from processing loans in which they had an interest.
Johnny Amartey Nuno-Amarteifio: Fined $5,000; Suspended 90 days
Jamik Jamar Ligon (Principal) and Rocco Anthony
Ligon paid Mongelli a $50,000 referral compensation fee when Mongelli referred brokerage customers to Ligon because he was not registered to do business in the states of residence for those referred customers, and Ligon subsequently served as the registered representative for the accounts.
Jamik Jamar Ligon (Principal): Fined $7,500; Suspended 2 months
Rocco Anthony Mongelli: Fined $10,000; Suspended 3 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: This is one of the oldest end-runs in the book. The problem is, this play hasn't worked for decades but folks still seem to think that they have cleverly figured a way to circumvent the registration issue. Well, these two Respondents will have two and three months respectively to figure out what went wrong. The one issue I have with FINRA's sanction is that I don't understand how Mongelli was only fined $10,000 as against the $50,000 fee. If the fee was reversed by Mongelli's broker-dealer, then it would have been helpful for FINRA to spell that out in its monthly report.|
Jereis Elias Khawaja
Khawaja recklessly provided his customer with false and misleading bank comfort letters and failed to have a registered principal review his correspondence, in violation of the firmís written policies and procedures.
Jereis Elias Khawaja: Fined $10,000; Suspended 2 years
Derek Roy Kent
Derek Roy Kent: Barred
Karamian changed the address of record for a customerís brokerage account to the branch address of the firm office where he worked without the customerís knowledge, authorization and consent. Karamian sent, via facsimile, a letter of authorization to his member firmís cashiering department requesting a wire transfer of $281,768 from the customerís brokerage account to a third party escrow account at a bank without the customerís knowledge, authorization and consent. Karamian had the customer sign the letter of authorization for the withdrawal of these funds, knowing that the customer had not read the letter and did not knowingly authorize or consent to the request to transfer funds out of his account. Through a series of financial transactions, Karamian caused $261,000 of the funds transferred to be deposited into a bank account he controlled and the customer had not authorized the transfer.
Jacob Karamian: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Wow! Talk about brazen. On the other hand, I'm sort of hoping here that the brokerage firm sort of noticed that the customer's address of record was being changed to the address of the branch office. I mean, geez, that's sort of the classic example of bells, whistles, red flags, and roman candles.|
Carol Anne Heynen
At the end of the trading day, Heynen entered fictitious sell transactions for the total amount of her long positions. The next morning her back office realized that the transactions did not match those reported with the Street and, in response, Heynen cancelled the transactions.
Heynen entered the fictitious sell transactions into her member firmís Phase 3 order entry system, which is a back-office service provider and allows users to book transactions into the firmís books and records without actually executing the claimed transactions. Heynen entered the fictitious sell transactions and maintained long positions to circumvent the firmís trading account limits per security and total trading limit for her proprietary trading account.
As a result of entering the fictitious sell transactions, Heynen concealed a $76,810 unrealized trading loss from her firm. Heynen caused her firmís books and records to reflect false and misleading information regarding securities transactions in her account and, by entering the fictitious sell transactions at prices that concealed her unrealized trading losses, she engaged in unethical business conduct.
Carol Anne Heynen: Fined $10,000 (FINRA advises that this number was arrived in following consideration of Heynen's financial status); Suspended 9 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: In this post-Madoff world, I'm not sure that you can "sell" this suspension of $10,000 (versus some $77,000 in hidden losses) and a 9 month suspension given the subterfuge involved. While I fully appreciate the logic of capping the loss at $10,000 if Heynen's finances are suffering (particularly if she may have undertaken to repay some/most/all of the trading losses) but the 9 month suspension may be quite light in this day and age. Once again, possibly great lawyering for this Respondent or perhaps there are details not reported in the FINRA published report.|
Dermot A. Graham
Graham wrongfully and without authorization converted $8,666.12 in funds for his own use and benefit from individuals by securing debit or credit cards linked to their accounts, and used the cards for his personal benefit or a third partyís benefit without the individualsí knowledge or consent.
Dermot A. Graham: Barred
Sheila Dawnell Dowling
Dowling exercised discretion in a customerís account, and effected transactions and electronic fund transfers primarily involving the purchase of small equity positions and the writing of covered calls against these positions. Although Dowling had a power of attorney from the customer, her member firm had
Dowling failed to appear for an on-the-record sworn statement that FINRA requested.
Sheila Dawnell Dowling: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: This case underscores an important point -- and a warning. Even if you have a written Power of Attorney in your hands (and that is worth repeating: EVEN IF you have the POA), that is merely a preliminary step in the process. You need to obtain your firm's authorization to use the POA for the purposes proposed. If your firm rejects your request or has a firm policy against discretionary trading, the mere existence of the POA will not serve as a meaningful defense. If you think I'm overstating that last aspect, note that the RR here was barred.|
Stephen Timothy Crawford
Crawford borrowed $25,000 from customers and obtained this loan notwithstanding the fact that his member firm had written procedures that prohibited borrowing from, or lending money to, customers. Crawford failed to update his Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer (Form U4) to disclose material information. Crawford failed to respond to FINRA requests to appear for on-the-record testimony.
Stephen Timothy Crawford: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 years
|Bill Singer's Comment: By now, this is a fairly standard "borrowing" case set of facts. What I find a tad curious is that in addition to the borrowing violation, we have U4 and a "failure to respond" charges. Frankly, I would have expected a bar or a far more serious sanction. Either Crawford had a superb lawyer or FINRA interpreted the three violations differently than the case report implies.|
Paul Scott Collier (Principal)
While registered with member firms, Collier failed to disclose to another member firm with which he maintained a securities account for which he had financial interest and discretionary authority, that he was associated with the member firms. Collier failed to disclose to his member firms that he maintained a securities account at another member firm.
Paul Scott Collier: Fined $2,500; Suspended 5 business days in all capacities
William David Brusseau
Brusseau borrowed $16,800 from customers when his member firmís written procedures prohibited borrowing money from customers under any circumstances. Brusseau neither received written permission nor disclosed the borrowing arrangement before receiving the loan. Brusseau failed and refused to provide requested information to FINRA.
William David Brusseau: Barred
Robert Bassari (Principal)
Bassari drafted a form letter about his previous employer and mailed it to former (potential) customers, which constituted sales literature without prior approval of an appropriate registered principal of his member firm. The form letter failed to provide a sound basis for statements contained in the letter, and contained other statements that were unwarranted.
Robert Bassari: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
Kevin Michael Ahlert
Ahlert made a $3,700 loan to a customer when his member firm had a policy that prohibited its representatives from borrowing and lending money between registered persons and firm customers and when the lending arrangement did not meet the conditions stated in NASD Rule 2370.
Kevin Michael Ahlert: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 days
Daniel Allen Abbott
Abbott presented seminars to promote the sale of reverse mortgages and solicit various types of investments from senior citizens contrary to his member firmís prohibition of engaging in any reverse mortgage business, including the promotion and sale of reverse mortgages.
In connection with the seminars, Abbott
Daniel Allen Abbott: Fined $20,000; Suspended 60 days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: Reverse Mortgages are coming under regulatory scrutiny because of reports of senior-citizen abuse, and this case seems to confirm that FINRA is indeed watching this area. Note that part of the regulator's focus is on invitations, slides, and hand-outs. Also note that FINRA may deem your seminar materials to constitute advertising materials requiring filing and/or review -- as in the case of the slides.|
RBC Capital Markets Corporation
RBC Capital Markets Corp allowed associated persons to function as research analysts without having Series 86 or 87 research analyst registrations. The unregistered analysts published more than 3,500 research reports, and published more than 400 research reports after FINRA informed the firm that it had made a preliminary determination to recommend disciplinary action be initiated (one of the cited reports was published 7 months after the issuance of the Wells Notice) against the firm for its failure to appropriately register its research analysts (the Wells Notice).
RBC Capital Markets Corporation: Censured; Fined $150,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: This one sort of caught my attention. First of all, it involves RBC,which many of us have long held as a fairly conservative organization not known for non-compliant behavior -- yeah, coming from me of all folks, that's is very high praise. Second, allowing unregistered analysts to pen thousands of research reports is a fairly big goof bordering on epic proportions; all the more so for a somewhat staid firm like RBC. Third, after the Ref throws the flag on the field, you then go out and fail to catch a further 400 reports authored by mere associated persons -- and you let the last report get published as far as 7 months after the notice?|
Carr Securities Corporation
Carr failed to ensure that its electronic communications were archived to a non-rewriteable format in an adequate time frame, and, accordingly, further failed to timely maintain and preserve copies of internal and external electronic mail communications. The Firm failed to establish and maintain a formal system to review, retain, index or store emails that employees sent from their personal email accounts to conduct business.
Carr Securities Corporation: Censured; Fined $25,000
Hugh Anthony Wilson
Wilson fraudulently misrepresented to customers and another investor that he had an options trading account or other unspecified investment and would double their funds in four to six weeks. Wilson received $73,500 from investors, failed to apply the funds as directed and failed to return the funds with the promised returns, thereby misusing customer and investor funds. Also, Wilson misused the funds of an investor who was not a firm customer by holding the funds for 10 months before returning them in spite of his representation that the investment would be for 30 days. Subsequently, Wilson failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Hugh Anthony Wilson: Barred
David Travis Weitz
David Travis Weitz: Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 days
|Bill Singer's Comment: See this apparent companion case: Haggerty|
Jason Erik Stephens
Stephens permitted a trainee to complete portions of the required continuing education online courses for his Certified Financial Planner (CFP) designation on his behalf.
Jason Erik Stephens: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 days
|Bill Singer's Comment: And this is a FINRA issue because what?? I thought there was a CFP Board of Standards that handled such things. You know, the same Board of Standards that seems to be actively opposing FINRA's efforts to expand its self regulatory jurisdiction into areas such as investment advisors and investment planners. Not that this looming turf war would have anything to do with cases such as this. No. Of course not. I'm not excusing this conduct -- what I am doing is wondering (aloud) whether FINRA doesn't have enough to do in terms of taking care of its already hefty caseload rather than taking on more responsibilities (and thereby diluting its already questionable enforcement efforts).|
Jeffrey Douglas Stadelmann
Stadelmann received $1.5million from members of the public to purchase privately held companiesí stock but used the funds for other purposes. Stadelmann engaged in private securities transactions, for compensation, without his member firmís prior permission. Also, Stadelmann borrowed $719,000 from firm customers in violation of FINRA rules. Stadelmann failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents and to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Jeffrey Douglas Stadelmann: Barred
John Kenneth Scheidler
In an scheme to hold onto his title of ďfinancial planner,ĒScheidler had firm representatives assist him in submitting a plan ostensibly for each of them, for which they each agreed to pay $300, to be repaid by Scheidler. Scheidler completed the plan paperwork for each representative, submitted the completed plans and received a total of $400 from his firm for submitting the plans.
John Kenneth Scheidler: Fined $10,000; Suspended 3 months
Jason Thomas Pirnie
Pirnie conducted securities business with his member firmís customers through an unregistered individual.
Jason Thomas Pirnie: Barred
Kevin Mark Pilipczak
Pilipczak evaded his member firmís supervisory system by concealing the sale of a customerís variable annuity by forwarding the documentation directly to the insurance carrier and not notifying his firm of the sale,which caused his member firmís records to be inaccurate and incomplete with respect to the transaction. Pilipczak provided a written statement to his firm in connection with the purchase of a new variable annuity transaction by the customer, falsely claiming that it was not funded by the sale proceeds from the earlier variable annuity.
Kevin Mark Pilipczak: Fined $12,500; Suspended 1 year
Louis Gerald Mohlman Jr.
Mohlman offered to pay another member firmís employee to obtain account fee and performance information with respect to his former customer accounts (the employee did not provide the requested information.) Mohlman intended to use the information to convince former customers to switch accounts to his new member firm.
Louis Gerald Mohlman Jr.: Fined $10,000; Suspended 3 months
Jamie Patrick Lake
Lake solicited customers to invest a total of $729,500 in different investment schemes through his weekly radio talk-show and daily radio advertising spots. Lake converted $671,321 he solicited for his personal use and returned $58,179 to customers.
Jamie Patrick Lake: Barred
Ryan Muneo Kimura
Kimura misappropriated $1.29 million from relativesí accounts that he managed. Kimura intercepted checkbooks linked to the accounts, forged checks to himself and his creditors, and concealed his activity by fabricating account statements and diverting the actual statements to a mailbox he maintained. Kimura failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Ryan Muneo Kimura: Barred
Shawn Steven Keller
Keller stole computer monitors and a telephone worth $4,400 from his member firm and pawned them for cash. Keller failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Shawn Steven Keller: Barred
Donna Rae Jordan
Jordan caused customer telephone records at her member firm to be altered without authorization. Shortly before resigning from her firm to begin working at another member firm, Jordan deleted certain customer telephone numbers and made inaccurate updates to other customer telephone numbers to slow down other registered representatives at the firm who Jordan believed would be assigned to call her customers after she resigned. By changing customer telephone numbers, Jordan caused the firmís books and records to be inaccurate.
Donna Rae Jordan: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: Can't even begin to count the number of calls I've gotten asking about this exact scenario. And, worse, I can't even count the number of times I tell RRs not to do this but they disregard my counsel and then call me crying about having gotten caught!|
Herbert Tyrone Hunt (Supervisor)
Hunt borrowed approximately $5,500 from a firm customer contrary to his member firmís procedures generally forbidding registered representatives from borrowing money from, or lending money to, customers. Loans to or from customers other than immediate family members or financial institutions required prior review and approval by the firmís compliance department, but Hunt failed to obtain prior approval of the loan. Hunt failed to fully and timely respond to FINRA requests for information and documents.
Herbert Tyrone Hunt: Fined $5,000; Suspended 18 months
Stephanie Murch Haggerty
Stephanie Murch Haggerty: Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 days
Bill Singer's Comment: Assuming that we accept FINRA's explanation of
the facts, it seems that Haggerty authored a "Stock Pick" column
in a newsletter sent out by her firm. That's not a minor fact. How
come someone at her firm didn't hold up publication of the newsletter when
it realized that Haggerty was publishing material without anyone having
pre-approved it? Further, why did Haggerty's Firm permit her to
author research analyses (and why when she did not hold the Series
86/87? How could her firm not have had prior notice of her authored
materials when the firm published the column in its own
This would be like my law firm asking a non-lawyer employee to draft a legal article under his/her name to be included on the firm's website and sent out in its newsletter. Then, when it turns out that the article has some errors and failed to disclose ethical conflicts, my law firm would argue that it didn't know the non-lawyer wasn't a lawyer, that the non-lawyer should not authored the article, and that the non-lawyer failed to disclose conflicts. Yeah, like that's going to work.
Something here is just not making sense -- of course, that something could be FINRA, which wouldn't be that much of a shock to me.
Also, see this apparent companion case: Weitz
Gail Sylvenia Frick
Frick engaged in outside business activities and private securities transactions without prior written notice to her member firm. Frick was provided a money order by a customer in order to open an account at her member firm on behalf of the customerís children, misplaced the money order and, in an attempt to settle the customerís potential complaint in this matter, deposited $1,100 of her own personal funds into an account at her firm for the benefit of the customerís children without notifying the customer or the firm. Frick used the funds she had previously deposited into the account to purchase mutual funds for the account without the customerís knowledge, authorization or consent.
Gail Sylvenia Frick: Fined $25,000; Suspended 15 months
Bill Singer's Comment: Talk about the kitchen sink: OBA, PST,
Undisclosed settlement, and unauthorized purchase. Frankly, the
sanction struck me as a bit generous --- Frick either had a good lawyer or
got to FINRA on a good day.
If I have one quibble, it's that I don't think FINRA is on particularly sound ground if it cites an RR for the undisclosed settlement of a complaint if there isn't an actual complaint but merely a "potential" complaint (there we go again with those troublesome adjectives and adverbs). All customers have potential complaints about virtually everything. Likely, Frick "anticipated" that the customer would complain about the misplaced money order, but that's not the same thing as charging her with the undisclosed settlement of an actual complaint. What happened here is that a money order (apparently for $1,100) was lost and rather than ask the customer to provide a replacement, Frick simply went out of her own pocket to cover the funds. No...that doesn't make her actions right but it does put them in a far different light than describing the underlying conduct as settling a customer complaint. We need to be particularly precise when drafting regulatory opinions because they are often used to support sanctions to be imposed in other similar cases.
Karen Lee Fairbend (Principal)
Fairbend converted, for her own use and benefit, $100 in prepaid cell phone rebate cards that belonged to another registered representative.
Karen Lee Fairbend: Barred
Steven Laurence Dorsey (Principal)
As his member firmís national sales director, Dorsey was responsible for reviewing daily trade blotters and information received from the firmís compliance department. Despite being made aware of ďred flagsĒ indicating that unsuitable and excessive trading was occurring in customersí accounts, Dorsey failed to take reasonable supervisory steps to respond to these ďred flagsĒ to prevent the unsuitable and excessive trading. Dorsey continued to maintain his FINRA securities registrations through his member firm for more than two years, although he did not actively engage in the firmís securities business.
Steven Laurence Dorsey: Fined $25,000; Suspended 1 year in Principal Capacity only; Required to requalify by exam before acting in any principal capacity.
|Bill Singer's Comment: An interesting case on two levels. One, we have what was once a rare case of sanctioning a Principal for failed supervision -- although this is no longer such a rare situation. Two, we have what appears to be a "parking" case, in that Dorsey seems to have been "inactive (?)" at his member firm for more than 2 years but maintained his registration. As many of you know, I am no fan of the automatic 24-month registration lapse. Moreover, as a lawyer who makes a living parsing language, I am always troubled by adjectives and adverbs: In this case, the interpretation of what is and isn't "actively" engaging in business often presents troubling issues. Think about it, during the past two years, how many branches experienced such a drop off in business (particularly during September 2008 through March 2009) as to make them ghost towns. If an RR goes to work everyday but the phones aren't ringing and there is no point in cold calling, is that "actively" engaging in the securities business? If that same RR spends most of his/her day reading the newspaper, playing solitaire on the computer, and shooting the breeze with colleagues, is that "actively" engaging in the securities business?|
James Christopher Dinwoodie
While associated with a member firmin Texas, Dinwoodie sold Financial Advisory Service Agreements to customers located in Arkansas prior to his registration status in Arkansas being updated in his member firmís system, and altered the Agreements to falsely reflect that the customers signed the agreements while located in Texas. Dinwoodie falsified other customersí signatures on a Financial Advisory Service Agreement. Dinwoodie failed to respond to FINRA requests for an on-the-record sworn statement.
James Christopher Dinwoodie: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: One of the oldest games in the book -- and one that is almost always detected and severely punished. Not that it needs repeating, but if you're not registered in a particular state, you shouldn't be selling to citizens of that state. And, for good measure, it's just not a good idea to wrongly alter any documents or forge signatures. Moreover, when FINRA calls you, you better come.|
Jason Lee Dillon
Dillon accepted a $19,000 loan from a customer without his member firmís knowledge or consent, and in contravention of the firmís written supervisory procedures prohibiting associated persons borrowing from, or loaning money to, any of the firmís customers.
Jason Lee Dillon: Suspended 60 days
Andres Luis Delmas (Principal)
Delmas made unsuitable recommendations to customers to buy inverse floater Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (CMO) securities, and those customers lost more than $163,000 as a result. Delmas did not have reasonable grounds to believe that the CMOs were suitable for the customers in light of their investment experience, objectives and risk tolerances.
Andres Luis Delmas: Fined $15,000; Suspended 60 days
Bill Singer's Comment: Okay, lemme see if I got this one. Delmas was
fined and suspended because he made unsuitable recommendations to his
customers about CMOs. Fine. No problem with that.
Now, would someone please show me a list of all the member firms that FINRA suspended for promoting the sale of such products (you can toss into that mix the Auction Rate Securities, the Credit Default Swaps, and all the other esoteric and hybrid products). What say you? You can't find a list of firms that were suspended for such practices? Hmmm... me neither. Isn't there a line in a Billy Joel song about how only the good die young and only the individual RR gets suspended ---or am I just imagining that verse?
Joseph Donald Davis III (Supervisor)
Davis reimbursed a customer for sales commissions without notifying his member firm, and subsequently provided inaccurate information to firm compliance employees who questioned him about the reimbursement.
Joseph Donald Davis III: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
Bill Singer's Comment: One of my ongoing complaints about FINRA is
that it does not post the underlying AWC on its website (in
contradistinction to the practice at NYSE). As such, you need to
contact the SRO to obtain a copy of the AWC if you have any substantive
questions. FINRA is pretty good about responding to such requests,
but that's beside the point--it would be far more effective regulation and
education to provide the underlying AWCs as a link in each monthly case.
Davis is puzzling -- if only in the academic sense -- because it's unclear as to exactly what he did that was a violation. If the customer complained about something and was reimbursed to settle the complaint, then that's an undisclosed settlement violation; however, we have no such indication of that situation. If Davis had guaranteed profits to the customer and the reimbursement was a step towards reducing losses, then that's a violation; however, once again, that's not spelled out. If Davis made the payment in violation of his firm's written policies, then that too could be a violation; however, that's not spelled out either.
As such, we appear to have an RR charged with engaging in an act without notifying his firm and then misleading his firm's compliance staff about that act. It's not clear whether the fine and suspension were imposed in consideration that the act was a violation of FINRA/Firm rules and/or that Davis provided inaccurate information to his firm about said act.
Sure, all in all a somewhat academic objection. Still -- you tell me? Is it a violation to offer a commission rebate to public customers?
Jason Jude Daeger
Daeger attempted to settle a customer complaint by making a $1,500 deposit into the customerís bank checking account without his member firmís knowledge or consent.
Jason Jude Daeger: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: See "Undisclosed Settlement" page for more examples|
Brian Raymond Callahan (Principal)
Callahan electronically affixed two customer names to three solicitor disclosure statements without their specific authority, and created an email that was purportedly received from the customer, which he forwarded along with the false disclosure statements to his member firm for processing. By creating a false disclosure statement, Callahan caused his member firm to violate the requirements of the Investment Advisors Act of 1940 and, by creating the purported email, Callahan caused his firmís records to be inaccurate and thereby prevented it from meeting its obligation to preserve, for a period of not less than six years, the first two years in an accessible place, all records required pursuant to SEC Rule 17a-4(b)(4).
Also, Callahan engaged in outside business activities and private securities transactions without written notice to, or approval from, his member firm. Callahan failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents and information.
Brian Raymond Callahan: Barred
Steve A. Brubaker
Brubaker recommended that his customers invest in bearer bonds, falsely representing that the bond issuer was a non-profit entity that helped needy people and had been in existence for 15 years, when in fact, no such securities investment existed. Brubaker provided his customers with fake certificates for the bonds, and used the $180,000 he obtained from the customers for his personal benefit. Also, Brubaker misappropriated $49,000 of insurance proceeds that a customer entrusted to him after misrepresenting to the customer that the proceeds were invested in the bonds, when he had used the funds for his own benefit.
Steve A. Brubaker: Barred
James Kelly Breeze
Breeze purchased a building from a customer for $850,000, with the customer (Breeze had a personal relationship with the customer outside of the broker/customer relationship) agreeing to finance the entire purchase. Breezeís member firmís written procedures allowed its registered representatives to borrow from customers, but prior written approval was required, and Breeze failed to obtain his firmís written approval before entering into the borrowing arrangement with the customer.
James Kelly Breeze: Fined $5,000; Suspended 60 days
Bill Singer's Comment: I dunno about this one. Buying a
building strikes me as a commercial transaction and not something that is
clearly "borrowing" money from a customer. I obtained a
copy of the AWC in this case, and, in part, it states the following (KMF
is the customer):
I can easily imagine that Breeze believed that he was not "borrowing" money from a client but engaging in a commercial real estate transaction involving secured financing by the seller. It was not the clear intent of Rule 2370 (the "Borrowing Rule") to cover such a transaction -- the focus was to prevent the direct borrowing/lending between clients and RRs. While I understand and appreciate that the Borrowing Rule should/could cover the transaction set forth in Breeze, I think that we need to also appreciate that most RRs (and many of their legal counsel) might not recognize the applicability of the Borrowing Rule to this set of facts.
Ultimately, yeah, okay, when Breeze's firm discovered the deal they should have advised him that it was likely subject to the Borrowing Rule and immediately require that he submit written notice. And, again, sure, the Firm might have been entitled to send Breeze a letter of admonition that he had violated the Firm's internal policy by not not submitting prior written notice and that such action may also be deemed to be in violation of FINRA rules. However, I see little reason to impose a 60-day suspension and a $5,000 fine for such a slip up. Since there is no statement in the AWC that Breeze knowingly sought to conceal the transaction as part of a wilful effort to violate the Borrowing Rule, this is one of those situations where nothing more than a letter of admonition from FINRA seems necessary.
It is this type of case that raises concerns about so-called self-regulatory "speed trap" approaches to regulating and underscores my commitment to highlight such sanctions when I beleive that they serve no purpose other than to fill the regulator's coffers.
Lena Michelle Altman
Altman was aware that a relative misappropriated in excess of $130,000 by depositing checks into her bank account at Altmanís employer, but Altman did not report it to anyone until she contacted her regional manager at a later date.
Lena Michelle Altman: Barred
Terrence Thomas Alexander
Alexander borrowed $29,000 from a firm customer contrary to his member firmís compliance manual, which prohibited registered representatives from borrowing from customers other than relatives; the customer and Alexander were not related. Alexander failed to repay the loan, and subsequently failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents.
Terrence Thomas Alexander: Barred
Okoboji Financial Services, Inc.
The Firm entered into a ďselling agreementĒ with a company to serve as a selling agent for the companyís offering, and sold the unregistered offering pursuant to an exemption from SEC registration pursuant to Regulation D. Among other requirements, this form of Reg D (typically a Rule 506) required that the Firm have a substantive and preexisting relationship (to avoid a General Solicitation) with each investor prior to the time that, acting through its representatives, it offered the companyís investment to prospective investors. Acting on the firmís behalf, its representatives made efforts to sell interests, and sold interests, in the company offering to prospective investors with whom neither the representatives nor the firm had any pre-existing relationship prior to the time the customers were contacted relating to a potential investment in the offering company. The customer contacts constituted engaging in a general solicitation with respect to the offering and, therefore, participated in the sale of unregistered securities. The Firm failed to maintain adequate written supervisory procedures relating to private offerings.
Okoboji Financial Services, Inc.: Censured; Fined $30,000
NSM Securities, Inc.
NSM failed to preserve all of its business-related electronic communications, including communications exchanged with its clearing firm for over a year.
NSM Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $50,000
Dinosaur Securities, L.L.C.
The Firm allowed representatives to effect trades for their customers and earn commissions totaling $19,506.42 while the representatives were not registered with FINRA through any member firm. The Firm paid the representatives ďretention payments/advancesĒ based on commissions generated from account activity.
Dinosaur Securities, L.L.C.: Censured; Fined $25,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: One of the old saws of this website is that you cannot pay transaction based compensation to unregistered persons. For decades folks have tried to come up with clever ways to circumvent this restriction -- and "retention payments/advances based on commissions generated from account activity" is certainly an interesting end run, but one which nonetheless failed. Clearly, "creativity" isn't a plus here.|
Paul Anthony Verostko
Verostko sold fixed annuities to customers without prompt written notice to his member firmof his outside business activities. Verostko could have sold the fixed annuities through his member firm; however, by conducting the transactions away from the firm, he received $100,000 more in commissions than he would have if the annuities had been sold through the firm. Verostko falsely certified to the firm that he was not engaged in any outside business activities.
Paul Anthony Verostko: Fined $10,000; Suspended 18 months
Bill Singer's Comment: This case underscores many issues that raise
troubling questions about the theoretical underpinning of the entire
stockbroker commission system. First off, how is it...seriously...how is
it that there could be a swing of as much as $100,000 on the sale of the
same underlying product? Doesn't that suggest that there are
incredible pressures on RRs to push certain product whether suitable or
not---house product or otherwise?
Assuming that an RR's firm and another member firm are in a position to offer the same product and the sale of said product passes the suitability test, then why shouldn't a salesperson be permitted to offer that product through whichever firms is prepared to pay the highest commission? Truly, I understand and know the legitimate objection but I raise this question somewhat rhetorically. This temptation should not exist. It is unhealthy for the industry, for the selling broker, and for the customer.
Fabian Cesar Seyller
Seyller engaged in outside business activities, and received $11,925.66 in compensation, without prompt written notice to his member firm. Seyller falsely asserted on an annual certification statement that he was not engaged in any undisclosed outside business activities and did not receive any referral fees. He falsely denied any involvement with equity indexed annuity sales when a supervisor directly questioned him.
Fabian Cesar Seyller: Fined $5,000; Suspended 6 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: As rumored throughout the industry, FINRA seems to be fixated on all sorts of annuities matters -- with a focus on EIAs.|
Leonard Duane Sellers (Principal)
Sellers borrowed $92,200 from a customer who surrendered a variable annuity to fund the loan, resulting in a $7,000 surrender charge. Sellers' member firm had written procedures forbidding registered representatives from borrowing money from, or lending money to, customers.
Leonard Duane Sellers: Fined $5,000; Suspended 6 months
Andrew William Quinn (Supervisor)
Quinn sent correspondence on his member firmís letterhead that contained misleading and unwarranted statements concerning a potential investment. Quinn ignored red flags of possible fraud and failed to submit the letters for required supervisory approval, which exposed the firm to potential liability.
Andrew William Quinn: Barred
Jason Todd Owenson
After failing a Series 7 qualification exam, Associated Person Owenson induced a test center employee to provide him with a written exam score report that falsely reflected that he had passed, which he then gave to his member firm purporting it reflected his actual exam score. Owenson provided FINRA with materially false information, failed to provide other requested documents and provided false testimony under oath. Owenson submitted a fictitious letter to FINRA on a former employerís stationery purportedly signed by an employee of that company which contained fabricated information.
Jason Todd Owenson: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Oh Jason, oh Jason -- puhlease don't tell me that you thought this would work or even made much sense.|
Brad Niel Nussbaum (Principal)
Nussbaum failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents and information; and failed to honor an Arbitration Settlement Agreement.
Brad Niel Nussbaum:
|Bill Singer's Comment: Interesting sanction that is custom tailored to the misconduct. Also, the decision is concisely presented and explained. FINRA gets a rare tip of my hat for this one.|
Anthony Peter Novella Jr.
Novella submitted, or caused to be submitted, a falsified request for reimbursement for $9,234.49 of client-related expenses.
Anthony Peter Novella Jr.: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Deborah Jean Nehmad
In connection with the purchase of a variable annuity, Nehmad created a handwritten statement and affixed a photocopy of a customerís signature to make it appear that the customer had signed the statement acknowledging the percentage penalties she would incur for early withdrawals. Nehmad presented the statement to her member firm, falsely representing it to be a genuine copy of a document the customer had signed.
Deborah Jean Nehmad: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 year
John Joseph Mazzella
Mazzella submitted false preliminary insurance applications for fictitious customers and a false preliminary insurance application for a customer without the customerís authorization or consent. As a result,Mazzella received $3,379.28 in commissions from the insurance company. Mazzella failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview.
John Joseph Mazzella: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Lemme see here. False applications. Fictitious customers. Oh, of course, this guy must have taken the Bernie Madoff Correspondence Course for Future Brokers of America.|
Jon Hadland Josephson
Josephson engaged in unauthorized transactions in a relativeís variable annuity account by submitting surrender or withdrawal requests through his member firm to the issuer of the variable annuity, which caused the liquidation of $48,716.81 from the account without the relativeís knowledge or consent, and in the absence of written or oral authorization to exercise discretion in connection with the variable annuity.
In furtherance of the above scheme, Josephson
Josephson failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview.
Jon Hadland Josephson: Barred
Richard Wayne Hill
Hill issued checks totaling $479,450 from customer accounts to corporate payees representing that he was purchasing race horses for the customers; but, instead, converted $350,000 to his own use by arranging for the corporate payees to issue checks made payable to him for the same dollar amounts, less a small administrative fee. Also, Hill settled a customer complaint for $12,000 and failed to inform his member firm about the complaint.
Richard Wayne Hill: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: "Less a small administrative fee" -- how considerate. What really shocked me is that Hill had agreed to pay a customer $12,000 to settle a complain and then actually reneged on that promise. I mean the guy gave his word, his sacred word and all of that. Wow . . . I never saw that coming. I really thought that after the whole race horse fiasco that he would have at least paid the measly $12,000. And, yes, the aforementioned commentary is largely dripping with my patented, acerbic sarcasm...just in case you didn't figure that out.|
Joseph Benjamin Gruber (Principal) and Judy Dian Helms
Gruber permitted Helms to complete his member firmís Firm Element Web-based courses and accompanying proficiency tests on his behalf, which Helms passed for Gruber.
Joseph Benjamin Gruber (Principal): Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Judy Dian Helms (Associated Person): Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 month
|Bill Singer's Comment: Truly --- is there any way that FINRA could perhaps re-phrase these all too recurrent violations. I mean, seriously, it sounds as if Gruber graciously permitted the Associated Person to take these courses and tests. Really...he "permitted her to complete" these things? Oh, how gallant of this kind gentleman.|
Kathleen Ann Glaser
Associated Person Glaser misappropriated funds from a customerís account for her own use and benefit. Glaser, who was responsible for establishing direct payments and paying some of the customerís monthly bills, set up an account on a non-firm Web site that was an online bill paying payment service without the customerís authorization. Glaser used this online service to direct unauthorized payments totaling $8,679.27 from the customerís securities account to Glaserís creditors to pay for personal expenses.
Kathleen Ann Glaser: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Actually, an interesting set of facts. Is there some guidance that FINRA would offer its members as to ways to detect such activities or steps to be taken to prevent such fraud?|
Adam Phillip Gerber
While employed with a member firm, Associated Person Gerber found a registered representativeís bank account checkbook, took checks from the checkbook, made the checks payable to himself, forged the registered representativeís signature on the checks, cashed the checks and converted the proceeds of $7,360 for his own use and benefit. Gerber failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Adam Phillip Gerber: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Well, the good thing is that at least he didn't rip off a public customer.|
Joseph Stephen Fabian (Principal)
Fabian received $104,000 from an individual for the purchase of real estate. That individual requested documentation of his agreement and Fabian falsified a document to create the appearance that the funds paid to him were invested in real estate, but there was no evidence regarding what Fabian did with the money, although he eventually repaid the individual. Fabian engaged in outside business activities, for compensation, without prior written notice to his member firm.
Joseph Stephen Fabian: Barred (based upon his failure to respond to FINRA requests for information)
Louis Andrew Cyr
Cyr willfully failed to disclose material information on his Form U4 or to report the matter to his supervisor.
Louis Andrew Cyr: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Bill Singer's Comment: Oooohh!!!!!!!!!!! We get to play games!
Something like 21 Questions!! Now, let's see, what exactly is it
that Cyr willfully failed to disclose AND to report to his
supervisor? Is it larger than a breadbasket? Is it animal,
mineral, or vegetable? I spy with my little eye something willfully not
disclosed or reported.
You know, with all the fancy schmanzy radio and television commercials that FINRA has running on the airwaves, you would think that the self-regulator would have a few bucks left offer to pay someone to provide us with just the barest of facts about its monthly disciplinary cases. Yeah, I know, I can make a phone call or send an email to someone at FINRA and ask for the AWC but how many folks are going to bother with that? At the end of the day, this decision as published is virtually useless as a teaching tool given the lack of meaningful disclosure.
Douglas Franklin Conrod II
Without his member firmís knowledge or permission, Conrod
The materials Conrod created and utilized in communications with the public for the proposed hedge fund were not approved by a registered firm principal prior to use, were not fair and balanced, and contained statements that were exaggerated and/or unwarranted and contained promises of specific results, and/or predictions or projections of investment performance. The email correspondence Conrod utilized with the public contained false and/or misleading statements or claims.
Douglas Franklin Conrod II: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: All that and only a small fine and three months? Lemme see if I have this right: misused confidential and proprietary materials, contacted potential investors, misused his firm's name, prepared unfair and misleading communications, and transmitted false/misleading emails. Sorry, but this all doesn't add up to the imposed sanctions. Either these are overstated allegations or Conrod had an amazing lawyer or--go ahead -- feel free to add your two cents.|
Robert Michael Bonner
While registered with member firms, Bonner engaged in outside business activities, for compensation, without prompt written notice to the firms. Bonner completed an Outside Activities Disclosure Form, which one firm required, and did not disclose his outside business activities. Also, Bonner engaged in private securities transactions, for compensation, without prompt written notice to, and approval from, his member firms. Bonner borrowed $900,000 from firm customers when firm procedures prohibited such borrowing.
Robert Michael Bonner: Barred
Dustin Andrew Boeckel
Contrary to his member firmís policy and approval, Boeckel borrowed $5,000 from a relative, who was also a customer of the firm, and signed the relativeís name on numerous checks without authority.
Dustin Andrew Boeckel: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 year
|Bill Singer's Comment: Someone want to explain to me why one RR gets barred, one gets a 1-year suspension, and the one gets only a six-month suspension? What's the difference in facts between Boardman, Boeckel and Allen?|
Sarah Rebecca Boardman
Boardman borrowed $25,000 from the customer contrary to her member firmís written procedures prohibiting a representative from borrowing from a customer unless the two are related. Boardman was not related to the customer and failed to repay the loan. Boardman signed questionnaires certifying that she was in compliance with the firmís compliance manual. Boardman failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Sarah Rebecca Boardman: Barred; Ordered to pay $25,000 plus interest in restitution to customer
|Bill Singer's Comment: Someone want to explain to me why one RR gets barred, one gets a 1-year suspension, and the one gets only a six-month suspension? What's the difference in facts between Boardman, Boeckel and Allen?|
Joseph Kesl Aylward
Aylward caused his member firmís books and records to be inaccurate by causing the cost basis of securities positions in customersí accounts to be changed to understate the unrealized losses in each of the positions. Aylward exercised discretion in a customerís account without the customerís written authorization and his member firmís acceptance of the account as discretionary.
Joseph Kesl Aylward: Barred
Curtis Morgan Allen
Allen borrowed $24,815.72 from public customers contrary to his member firmís written procedures forbidding the borrowing or lending of money unless the client is a member of the registered representativeís immediate family or the client is a financial institution or other entity or person that regularly engages in financing loans, which these customers were not. Also, Allen failed to repay the loans. Allen completed and signed site inspection and compliance interview forms for his firm and misrepresented facts on the forms regarding the loans by stating that he had never borrowed money from a client.
Curtis Morgan Allen: No monetary sanction was imposed because Allen was granted a discharge in bankruptcy after the events in question; Suspended 6 months in all capacities;
Bill Singer's Comment: Maybe I'm just getting grouchy (or grouchier)
in my old age, but seems to me that FINRA sure as hell bent over backwards
here in terms of imposing sanctions. Frankly, I can understand a
short suspension and/or very modest fine for a technical violation of the
proscription against borrowing/lending activities with clients.
Sometimes there are extenuating circumstances such as old school chums or
a blurring of the traditional client/RR lines. All of those issues I
understand and hear about from potential clients of my law practice -- so,
yeah, I'm sympathetic to such excuses and explanation, and particularly in
these tough times.
Before you accuse me of going over to the other side and being a FINRA agent, please look at this case and explain the difference in outcomes to me: Boardman
HOWEVER, when the RR not only violates the rule BUT also fails to repay the loan AND it's not an isolated, singular loan but loans with an "s" AND that same RR lies about the loans on multiple inspection/compliance forms, well that's asking quite a bit of compassion from a typically pro-broker regulatory lawyers such as me. If it were up to me, Allen might not get off with anything less than years of suspension if not a bar. Perhaps there is more to this case than the slight facts provided in the official case squib -- I hope so.
Chicago Investment Group, LLC
The Firm failed to
Chicago Investment Group, LLC: Censured; Fined $150,000; Required to certify to FINRA that its AML policies and procedures are in compliance with NASD Rules 3011(a) and 3011(b), and that its system and procedures for trading and market making are reasonably designed to achieve compliance with applicable federal securities laws and FINRA rules; thereafter, the firm is required to certify its compliance quarterly for one year.
Strasbourger, Pearson, Tulcin,Wolff, Inc. and
Michael J. Schumacher (Principal)
The firm failed to
Schumacher failed to
Strasbourger, Pearson, Tulcin, Wolff, Inc.: Censured; Fined $100,000 jt/several with Strasbourger; Required to retain an independent consultant to conduct a comprehensive review of its policies, procedures and practices to ensure compliance with federal securities laws, NYSE/NASD rules, and to make recommendations to bring the firm into compliance to prevent a recurrence of the violations.
Michael J. Schumacher: Fined $100,000 jt/several with Firm; Suspended 30 days in Principal capacity only; Suspended 10 business days concurrent in all capacities
Adrienne Renee Wilkerson
Associated Person Wilkerson failed to disclose material information on her employment application with a member firm.
Adrienne Renee Wilkerson: Fined $4,000; Suspended 4 months
Mark David Webb (Principal)
Mark David Webb: Fined $12,500; Suspended 18 months
Randy Brian Weaver and Richard Lance Will
AWC/2007008587501 2007008587502/June 2009
Weaver and Will participated in private securities transactions, for compensation, in the sale of securities issued by another firm and did not provide prior written notice to, or receive prior approval from, their member firm. They incorrectly answered ďnoĒwhen asked on required annual compliance questionnaires whether they had ever been paid or received a referral or finderís fee from anyone for referring securities clients and/or business.
Randy Brian Weaver: No fine in light of financial status; Suspended 9 months
Richard Lance Will: No fine in light of financial status; Suspended 8 months
Douglas John Toth
United States Court of Appeals Denied Petition for Review of the Securities and Exchange Commission decision that sustained findings of violation and sanctions on appeal of a National Adjudicatory Council decision on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers decision.
Toth willfully caused the filing of a Form U4 that contained a misrepresentation of material fact.
Douglas John Toth: Suspended 1 year
Bill Singer's Comment:
On July 3, 2003, the Attorney General of New Jersey and the New Jersey Bureau of Securities filed a civil complaint in the Superior Court of New Jersey against Toth and others, alleging, among other things, fraud in connection with the offer, sale or purchase of securities in 2001. The July 2003 New Jersey complaint alleged that Toth and others made materially false and misleading statements and omissions regarding the degree of risk associated with the investment, the intended investment aims of the defendants, and the suitability of the investment for 18 investors. In July 2005, the New Jersey Superior Court dismissed the July 2003 New Jersey complaint without prejudice.
The core fact here does not seem to be in dispute -- namley, that Toth's Form U4 in question failed to disclose the New Jersey civil action against him. The issue in dispute is whether Toth or a former employer was responsible for that failed disclosure.Toth testified that he informed his former employer of all disciplinary actions against him prior to the electronic filing of the Form U4. Tothís former employer testified that Toth did not inform him of the New Jersey civil action, and that Toth did not review and correct a copy of the Form U4 that the former employer forwarded to him, despite repeated requests for him to do so. FINRA made a credibility determination in favor of the former employerís version of events, which Toth unsuccessfully appealed..
http://sec.gov/litigation/opinions/2008/34-58074.pdf (SEC Decision)
Benedict Patrick Tommasino (Supervisor)
Benedict Patrick Tommasino: Fined $30,000; Suspended 20 months with a consecutive 2 month suspension in Principal capacities only.
Neal Seth Smalbach (Principal)
While his state registration status was inactive in Florida, Smalbach caused securities transactions that he had solicited to be placed through a junior registered representative whom he had hired. Smalbach caused false information regarding the identity of the registered representative of record to be provided to his member firm because he was in fact the representative of record for the securities transactions submitted by the junior representative to the firm for execution.
Neal Seth Smalbach: Fined $10,000; Suspended 6 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: Mr. Smalbach, please meet Mr. Moore|
Eric Scott Skigen (Supervisor)
Skigen created falsified electronic notes of his purported meetings and conversations with a customer after the customer filed an arbitration claim. Skigen provided the falsified notes to outside counsel in the arbitration case, without advising counsel or his member firm that he had falsified and backdated the notes, and misrepresented that the notes had been prepared contemporaneously with the conversations. Skigen created similar falsified notes for another customer. Skigen provided false testimony during a FINRA on-the-record interview.
Eric Scott Skigen: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Nothing to see here, folks. Keep moving. Terrible, terrible accident. No survivors. C'mon, keep moving.|
Galen Mark Shoff
Shoff sold equity-indexed annuities for compensation outside the scope of his employment with a member firm without providing the firm prompt written notice of the business activity.
Galen Mark Shoff: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Frances Ann Reams (Principal)
Reams altered a customerís option account agreement without the customerís knowledge or authorization so that it would reflect that the account was approved for an additional trading strategy. By altering the agreement without the customerís knowledge or authorization, she caused a business record of her member firm to be inaccurate.
Frances Ann Reams: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Andrew Seafus Prophet (Principal)
Prophet's customer mistakenly received a $1,200 check from her variable annuity company and gave the check to Prophet so that he could return it to the company. Instead of returning the check to the company, Prophet, without the customerís authorization, endorsed the check and deposited it into his bank account, using the funds for his own benefit.
Andrew Seafus Prophet: Barred
Joe Farnham Moore Jr. (Principal)
Acting through Moore, his firm failed to
Moore falsely represented to the Texas State Securities Board that the representative had not engaged in a securities business in Texas prior to the execution of an undertaking that his firm agreed to and that Moore signed for allowing the representativeís registration in Texas. Also, Moore unreasonably delegated some of his supervisory responsibilities to an inexperienced, untrained and unregistered subordinate, and failed to review firm records to learn about the extent of the representativeís activities in his customerís accounts.
Joe Farnham Moore Jr.: Fined $10,000; Suspended 2 years
Bill Singer's Comment: Talk to enough of us regulatory lawyers and
you'll learn that the above fact pattern is a very common query to
us. Someone's registration is delayed for some annoying reason and
there's just this pressing need to get a trade done. We tell you not
to do it. We tell you that you're setting yourself up for knowingly
lying on a record to be filed with a State, and, to your credit, you say
"okay, got you. Bad idea." And then months later, we get
the call. Ummm . . . remember that thing I called you about? Remember you
said not to do it? Well...ummm..you see, ummm, well, ummm...
By the way, Mr. Moore, please meet Mr. Smalbach
Ray Matthew Londo (Principal)
Londo made loans, in the form of casino chips or markers, totaling $270,000 to a firm customer who was also a close personal friend, contrary to his member firmís written supervisory procedures that prohibited its representatives from lending to, or borrowing from, securities customers unless the customer was a family member, which she was not. Londoís firm was not aware of his loans to the customer.
Ray Matthew Londo: Fined $5,000; Suspended 20 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: Okay, sorry, but this one really cracked me up. Now here's an angle I wonder if anyone thought about. What if Londo tossed the chips to his female friends but simply did it as an outright gift? If he wasn't "lending" the money would that still be a violation?|
Thomas William Laundrie
Laundrie failed to supervise his firmís business consulting business by failing to take any action to determine whether his firm was providing services to stock issuers pursuant to its consulting agreements or was being paid solely for its market making activities. Laundrie failed to take any action to review or monitor his firmís market making in the issuersí securities.
Thomas William Laundrie: Fined $15,000; Suspended 45 days in Principal capacity only
|Bill Singer's Comment: Was a time when Wall Street was the place to be and market making was a vibrant, profitable part of many NASDAQ firms. Lately, market making is a mere ghost of itself -- much like Bernie Madoff, but many old ghosts hang around. This spirit takes the shape of a battered issuer who needs to goose the price of its stock and gladly pays the Devil to work the tape. Of course, in an attempt to avoid the appearance of manipulation, this old souloften hid its walking to and fro under the guise of so-called market consulting agreements. In the end, this type of haunting often proves fatal to many a career and firm.|
Stuart Ian Kirschenbaum
Associated Person Kirschenbaum failed to disclose material information on his member firmís pre-hire consent form and employment application.
Stuart Ian Kirschenbaum: Fined $4,000; Suspended 5 months
John Michael Holder
Holder facilitated a customerís purchase of life insurance policies in the name of the customerís deceased son and used a false social security number on the policies. The customer forged her deceased sonís signature to execute the policies with Holderís knowledge.
John Michael Holder: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Yeah, I know. First, it's sort of funny. Then it's sort of just silly to the point of what the hell were they thinking. Then you realize that we're in the same business and the public will read about this and, geez, it's just not a laughing matter anymore.|
Maria Anne Harding
Harding falsified a customerís Individual Retirement Account (IRA) opening documents by cutting and pasting the customerís signature from one document onto others without the customerís authorization or knowledge.
Maria Anne Harding: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
David Christian Haas (Principal)
Haas participated in outside business activities without providing his member firm with written notice of these activities. Haas falsified correspondence to cover up these activities and falsely certified to his firm he was not engaged in outside business activities. He failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview.
David Christian Haas: Barred
Debra Ann Friend (Principal)
AWC/2006007045701/June 2009 submitted a
Friend became aware that her member firm had not processed a public customerís rollover form and fixed and a variable annuity application, so she completed a new application with a more current date. Without authorization,Friend cut out the public customerís signature from the first application and pasted it on a new application, changed the date on the rollover form because the firm had not processed this form, and submitted both documents for processing.
Debra Ann Friend: Fined $5,000; Suspended 4 months
While Effron was registered with a member firm, he engaged in outside business activities and failed to provide prompt written notice by completing and submitting an Outside Business Activity Notification Form.
Effron placed variable annuity transactions through his member firm for customers of a representative from another member firm without discussing the transactions with the customers, and after receiving the completed and signed applications, he submitted them to his firm for processing. Effron received commissions from the transactions and forwarded most of the commissions to the representative without advising his firm of the arrangement.
Steven Effron: Fined $10,000; Suspended 4 months in all capacities
Michael Francis Domson
Domson created financial planning agreements for customers, forged the customersí signatures on the agreements and submitted them to his member firm, without the customersí knowledge and consent. Domson paid the initial fees for the plans from his own funds and created the plans to generate sufficient sales of financial plans to enable him to reach a higher level employment status with his firm.
Michael Francis Domson: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Okay, so all of you folks out there who think that you can simply make the quota by setting up a bogus account/plan and paying the initial fees, will you please read this case. And, then read it a second time so as to dispel the "Yeah, but, what if..."|
Richard George Dion
Dion failed to comply with the terms of a written settlement agreement he executed in connection with an arbitration case.
Richard George Dion: Fined $5,000; Suspended until he fully satisfies the terms of a settlement agreement by paying a former member firm $75,000 and providing satisfactory proof thereof to FINRA, or entering into a superseding settlement agreement with the firm and providing satisfactory proof of the agreement to FINRA; Suspended from association with any FINRA member in any capacity an additional 30 business days upon FINRAís receipt of satisfactory proof of his full satisfaction of the original or superseding settlement agreement
Bill Singer's Comment: The sanction here is interesting. FINRA
came up with something that goes to the heart of the matter, and does so
in a very smart way. The RR can either
To instigate a prompt choice between the two options, FINRA has suspended Dion until he makes the choice and provides proof to the regulator of that phase. Moreover, the sooner he gets to that point, the sooner he can start a 30 business day suspension. All in all, a to-the-point sanction.
Bruce Robert Byers
Byers repeatedly misrepresented the existence and value of assets and investments to a customer. In order to conceal these misrepresentations, Byers solicited and accepted approximately $331,120 in loans from other customers, contrary to his member firmís written policies and procedures, and deposited the funds into the customerís account. Byers did not repay the loans to the customers.
Bruce Robert Byers: Barred
Frank Louis Boccio (Principal)
Boccio caused his member firms to fail to maintain their required net capital and filed inaccurate quarterly and monthly FOCUS Part IIA Reports on the firmsí behalf. Boccio failed to take adequate steps to verify and ensure the accuracy of financial information that his member firms provided to him.
Frank Louis Boccio: Fined $7,500; Suspended 15 days in FINOP capacity only
Richard M. Berteletti Jr.
Berteletti created a false and misleading account summary and provided it to a customer, and failed to respond to FINRA requests for information. Berteletti engaged in securities transactions in a customerís account without the customerís authorization and consent, and without discretionary authority. Berteletti settled a customer complaint away from his member firm.
Richard M. Berteletti Jr.: Barred
Sean Aaron Austin
Austin purchased shares of stock for his own account and did not have the funds to pay for the stock, in violation of Federal Reserve Board Regulation T. Austin obtained a Regulation T extension to have time to pay for the stock but failed to pay for the stock when the extension expired, causing his member firm to extend him credit in a manner not permissible under Regulation T by making the stock purchase without sufficient funds. Austin willfully caused his firm to extend him credit in violation of Federal Reserve Board Regulations T and X. Austin sold the stock to a public customer, which he was not permitted to do because he did not have his Series 7 General Securities Representative registration. FINRA found that Austin failed to timely transfer the stock out of his account to the customer after he had sold him the stock.
Sean Aaron Austin: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: Many RRs have a false sense of what FINRA has jurisdiction over and what you can get away with. Here is a perfect example of something that many RRs would likely think doesn't fall within a regulator's concern, and would simply be a "business thing" that would get resolved in-house. Well, guess again: You intentionally violate Reg T in this manner and you could be looking at both a fine and suspension. Of course, selling stock without a Series 7 didn't help things out here either.|
Duane Franklin Anderson (Principal)
Anderson failed to supervise a registered representative who made numerous unsuitable recommendations in a customerís account. Anderson received adequate tools from his member firm to complete his supervisory duties but failed to detect and prevent the representativeís misconduct.
Duane Franklin Anderson: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 month in Principal Capacity only
|Bill Singer's Comment: As I have noted in recent months, FINRA's once common policy of not regularly naming supervisors/principals for failing to supervise has become a thing of the past.|
Trade Station Securities, Inc.
The Firm failed to establish, maintain and enforce an adequate supervisory system and written procedures to detect statutorily disqualified individuals and to ensure the reporting of disclosable events as required by NASD Rule 3070. The Firm did not report to FINRA that it was associated with a person subject to statutory disqualification.
Trade Station Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $15,000
Marquis Financial Services, Inc.
The Firm failed to establish and maintain adequate written supervisory procedures relating to the conduct of private placements, and did not maintain required books and records in connection with the private placement offerings in that it failed to maintain all of the subscription agreements that customers who invested in the offerings completed and submitted, and any type of confirmation reflecting these investments.
Marquis Financial Services, Inc.: Censured; Fined $13,500
|Bill Singer's Comment: Private placements are attracting enhanced regulatory scrutiny and you would be well advised to carefully monitor any such offerings that you are involved with. See the "Developing Trends" box at the top of this page for additional PP cases.|
Ladenburg Thalmann & Co., Inc.
Ladenburg Thalmann & Co., Inc.: Censured; Fined $200,000
Bennett Ross, Inc.
The Firm participated in private placement offerings of preferred stock that an affiliate issued, and each offering claimed an exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, when the offerings were not separate and distinct, and were, therefore, subject to integration. None of the offerings that were offered and sold were registered with the SEC. As a result of the offerings becoming integrated into one offering, the exemption under Regulation D of the Securities Act of 1933 did not apply and the offerings were subject to the securities registration requirements of public offerings. The private placement memoranda for the offerings failed to disclose to customers the existence of the common control of the issuer and the firm. The firm failed to provide or send written disclosure of such common control at or before the completion of the transactions with the customers.
Bennett Ross, Inc.: Censured; Fined $20,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Private placements are attracting enhanced regulatory scrutiny and you would be well advised to carefully monitor any such offerings that you are involved with. Moreover, PPs involving your member firm or an affiliate will attract serious interest from FINRA. See the "Developing Trends" box at the top of this page for additional PP cases.|
Paulson Investment Company, Inc., and Trent Donald
Acting under Davisí direction and control, the Firm participated in private placements of securities. The private placement memoranda for the offerings provided that the offerings were contingent upon receiving subscription agreements for established minimums, and the financing agreements provided that the escrow agent shall promptly return all escrowed funds to the investors should the contingencies not be met. The business bank accounts were established in the issuersí names, into which the offering proceeds were deposited, and these business accounts failed to conform to the requirements of SEC Rule 15c2-4 for accounts holding investor funds pending satisfaction of an offering contingency.
Paulson Investment Company, Inc. and Trent Donald Davis: Censured, Fined $10,000 jt/several; Required to provide certification that the firm has complied with SEC Rule 15c2-4 to FINRA within 10 business days of the closing of all contingent offerings conducted by the firm during the 12 months following acceptance of this AWC.
|Bill Singer's Comment: From time to time, clients and potential clients call me up and ask whether they should prevent FINRA staff from entering their offices -- frankly, sometimes the callers are simply fed up with what they see as repeat visits seeking the same documents or demands previously provided. The frustration is frequently understandable and justified. Nonetheless, barring the door to your premises is not calculated to be viewed as a constructive means to protest regulatory incompetence and the cost of such civil disobedience is well noted in Windham: expulsion for the firm, a bar for the individual.|
Windham Securities, Inc. and Joshua Constantin (Principal)
Windham and Constantin
Acting through Constantin, Windham failed to maintain and preserve numerous books and records required pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Rules 17a-3 and 17a-4, and NASD Rule 3110.
Windham Securities, Inc.: Expelled
Joshua Constantin (Principal): Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: From time to time, clients and potential clients call me up and ask whether they should prevent FINRA staff from entering their offices -- frankly, sometimes the callers are simply fed up with what they see as repeat visits seeking the same documents or demands previously provided. The frustration is frequently understandable and justified. Nonetheless, barring the door to your premises is not calculated to be viewed as a constructive means to protest regulatory incompetence and the cost of such civil disobedience is well noted in Windham: expulsion for the firm, a bar for the individual.|
Robert Eugene Strong (Principal)
Securities and Exchange Commission sustained findings of violation and sanctions on appeal of a National Adjudicatory Council decision on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers decision.
Chief Compliance Officer Strong failed to supervise a research analyst who sold securities in his personal trading account contrary to the recommendations contained in various firm research reports, and allowed the trader to execute purchase transactions during the blackout periods. Strong failed to include, or included insufficient or inaccurate required disclosures in research reports, and failed to timely file an annual attestation of supervisory procedures for research analysts.
Robert Eugene Strong: Fined $10,000
Bill Singer's Comment: An interesting case and I would recommend that
you read the SEC Opinion. I would note the following, as stated in
that Opinion at pages 19-20:
John Patrick Walsh (Principal)
Walsh misappropriated stock and mutual fund shares valued at $2,057,248.52 from his member firm, sold the stock and made personal use of the proceeds. Walsh misappropriated $198,574.50 from a credit union affiliated with his firmby procuring a line of credit and creating false holdings in stock at his firmt o secure the loan.
John Patrick Walsh: Barred
Robert Kyle Stewart
Stewart accepted $445,914.13 from an elderly public customer for investment in a corporation he organized and owned, and failed to issue the customer any ownership interest. Rather than using the funds as intended, Stewart converted the funds to his own use and benefit by depositing the funds into the corporationís bank account and paid personal expenses directly from the account or transferred funds to his personal bank account, thereby converting the funds without the customerís knowledge or consent.
Robert Kyle Stewart: Barred
Joseph Aloyisius Pramer III
Pramer altered customer telephone records at his member firm by deleting or inaccurately updating the numbers to slow down other registered representatives at his firm that he believed would be assigned to call his customers after he resigned. By changing customer telephone numbers, Pramer caused his member firm to create and maintain inaccurate books and records.
Joseph Aloyisius Pramer III: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: One of the oldest ploys in the book. Not excusing it -- BUT . . . . one of the reasons it exists is because of the nonsense (if not garbage) that goes on when an RR tries to leave his or her member firm. And let's not pretend that everything is so lovey-dovey when your U5 hits your manager's desk and it's open season on your book. If anything annoys me about Pramer, it's that this strikes me as the perpetuation of what I often see as a very lop-sided system or regulation that is lined up against most individual brokers. You leave and you're expected to toe the line and follow the rules about what you can and can't take. However, member firms seems to have an arsenal of tricks that they can use to jam up departing RRs or try and persuade customers not to transfer. You tell me -- how often do you see FINRA cases citing such practices? Oh, yeah, that's right... I forgot ... only Member Firms get to vote at FINRA, not any human being brokers. Maybe that's why things at the regulator often seem skewed in favor of management versus labor?|
Monty Chad Patton
Patton prepared and submitted a 403(b) ERISA Distribution Request form on a public investorís behalf authorizing the distribution of 403(b) assets to a rollover IRA at his member firm. Although the investor had consented to the transfer of her 403(b) assets, she was ineligible because she was currently employed by the 403(b) plan sponsor. Patton was aware of her ineligibility, but provided false employment status information and forged the plan administratorís signature on a distribution form to facilitate the rollover.
Monty Chad Patton: Fined $5,000; Suspended 18 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: See similar facts in Hayworth|
Raymond Lee Noragon (Principal)
Noragon failed to cause his firm to conduct an annual compliance meeting, and failed to ensure that Offices of Supervisory Jurisdiction (OSJ) and non-OSJ branch offices were examined and the examinations documented. Noragan approved his member firmís participation as an underwriter in securities offerings without ensuring that the prospectuses used in connection with the offerings contained adequate disclosures and were not materially misleading.
Raymond Lee Noragon: Fined $25,000; Suspended 6 months in Principal Capacity only.
|Bill Singer's Comment: As noted earlier, failure to supervise cases (while not rare) aren't that common and typically worth including in my monthly reviews. Noragon failed to conduct the annual compliance meeting -- perhaps the first item on FINRA's checklist of things that Principals didn't do that we will charge them for not doing. Probably the second thing on that gotcha list is the failure to examine OSJs and offices and document same|
Charles James Moni
Moni recommended concentrated positions in the security of a clinical-stage drug development company to customers of his member firm. The concentrated positions were unsuitable for Moniís customers in light of their financial profile, personal circumstances and limited ability to withstand loss.
Charles James Moni: Fined $10,000; Suspended 3 months
|Bill Singer's Comment: Sure -- you understand what happened here. The broker was all over this deal. Possibly thought that this was the next cure for cancer or some wonder drug. Maybe even figured that he was going to hit this one out of the ballpark and be a hero to his clients. All well and fine. Only problem is that you're going to have a very tough time convincing FINRA that all/most/a large number of your clients should be loaded up with such a speculative stock--regardless of its prospects or your motives. How tough a time? Oh, about $10,000 worth and toss in three-months of downtime.|
Robert Brian Meadows
Meadows borrowed $30,000 from a customer who was also a personal friend, but he did not obtain consent from the firm to borrow from the customer when the firmís written procedures prohibited registered persons from borrowing from customers except under certain circumstances and also required the firmís prior review and approval. Meadows failed to disclose the loan when completing the firmís annual compliance questionnaires.
Robert Brian Meadows: Fined $7,500; Suspended 90 days
Frederick Lee Mathis
2007011906401/May 2009 (
Mathis used his managerís user identification and password to make unauthorized credits to his brokerage account at his member firm and to his bank account at his firmís bank affiliate. Mathis credited a total of $1,205 from the firm account used to provide credits to customers to which he was not entitled. Also, he failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents and information.
Frederick Lee Mathis: Barred
Matthew T. McKinney
McKinney was assigned a corporate credit card by an affiliate of hismember firm and, without the knowledge, authorization or consent of the affiliate or the firm,
McKinney failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Matthew T. McKinney: Barred
James Russell McCarthy Jr. (Principal)
James Russell McCarthy Jr.: Fined $20,000; Suspended 2 months in Principal capacity only
Bill Singer's Comment: The sanctioning of a Principal for failing to
supervise is not that common an event and, as such, I often highlight
these types of charges. Here we see a Principal who permitted an
individual lacking a principal registration to act in a capacity requiring
such. That's a fair allegation but it might have been just a tad more
helpful if FINRA at least identified what the unregistered individual was
doing -- sometimes light bulbs go off in the heads of folks who read these
cases: Geez, never thought about that. I thought he could do that but I
see from FINRA's explanation that this conduct requires a Principal
registration. Let me stop the conduct immediately and get the guy
Separately, not that there's all that much underwriting going on these days, but if you are venturing back into that arena, remember that you should always implement a Watch/Restricted List and make sure that its proscriptions are enforced.
Nathan James Lorne
Lorne made unauthorized withdrawals totaling approximately $12,101 from an organization for which he was treasurer, and hid the withdrawals from the organizationís officers and submitted false financial reports to the organization. Lorne converted the funds for his own personal use, except for a small amount that was for legitimate expense reimbursement, but repaid the organization after he was confronted about the unauthorized withdrawals. He engaged in outside business activities and failed to provide prompt written notice to his member firm, and made misrepresentations to his firm regarding any outside business activity.
Nathan James Lorne: Barred
Lesko misappropriated $24,520 from customersí accounts at the bank affiliated with her member firm. Lesko prepared fraudulent cash advance checks to cause unauthorized withdrawals from customersí bank accounts and then deposited the funds into her personal bank account.
Alexis Lesko: Barred
Bennett Joseph Lacour III
Lacour borrowed $5,000 from a customer contrary to his firmís written supervisory procedures prohibiting registered representatives from borrowing from a customer without prior review and approval by the firm, unless the customer was a familymember or financial institution, which the customer was not. Lacour failed to pay the loan in full and failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Bennett Joseph Lacour III: Barred; Ordered to pay $4,400 plus interest in restitution to customer.
Derek Jon Kuklenski
The exact wording of the relevant part of FINRA's report, is that Kuklensi :
Derek Jon Kuklenski: Censured and Barred
Bill Singer's Comment: Hey, I admit it--sometimes there's no
satisfying me. This case I find idiotic because of his gentle slap and
somewhat laughable sanction, whereas in Kleinerman
I'm chastizing FINRA for being too tough. Oh well, this is my website
and I guess that gives me whatever leeway I want. You don't like it? Start
your own site. Go ahead. You sit down every month and read this endless
regulatory cases and try to make sense of them.
Anyway, rant over, getting back to Kuklenski.
I can't stand these euphemism cases. Here I thought that Bernie Madoff stole money by defrauding investors and I now learn that he merely "misappropriated" money by "removing the funds" from his client's accounts. I mean, geez, would you wordsmiths at FINRA puhlease stop tidying up after these miscreants! Seems to me that Kuklenski stole $200 from a cash drawer. Tell me where I'm wrong with that pointed rephrasing?
Finally, what the hell is a "Censure and Bar"? Time and time again you just Bar the respondent and be done with him. Why did this character wind up with a Censure--and who the hell cares about that wet noodle anyway?
Jill A. Kleinerman
In order to obtain authorization for withdrawals totaling $37,299.55 for a public customer directly from her IRA securities account, Kleinerman completed a distribution request form, dated the form in her own handwriting, affixed a photocopy of the customerís signature onto the form and submitted it to her member firm. Kleinerman used a photocopy of the customerís signature several times on distribution request forms with the customerís full knowledge or consent.
Jill A. Kleinerman: Fined $2,500 in light of her financial status; Suspended 30 days
Bill Singer's Comment: Sorry, just not sold on this case, although I
understand and support the very important consumer-protection issue here
of not countenancing forgery (which doesn't seem an issue here). If
Kleinerman had signed for the client without the client's consent, then
that's forgery. However, if FINRA's statement of the case is taken
at face value, Kleinerman used a photocopy facsimile AND did so with the
customer's "full knowledge or consent." Hence, that's not a
forgery. Nontheless (and give me a second here to finish my thought --
don't jump down my throat so quickly), there are valid reasons for not
encouraging or permitting RRs to "affix" signatures that purport
to have been signed by the customer and with the customer's consent. But
here we're talking about a photocopy. I mean -- a photocopy! It's not as
if Kleinerman were pretending that the signature she had affixed was
authentic. Moreover, the client apparently agreed to the use of the
It's nice that FINRA "only" hit Kleinerman with a $2,500 fine. It's also incredibly charitable to "only" suspend her for 30 days. Me? I dunno. Under the somewhat extenuating circumstances here, I'm not sure that a fine and suspension were both necessary, and I certainly don't see the need for the wallop of $2,500 (yeah, FINRA, in case you haven't figured it out, we're in a recession--that's a lot of money) and 30-days on the bench.
Still, there is an important issue here of protecting the public. I'm not downplaying that. I'm just suggesting that if you look at the facts in this case, I think another set of sanctions would have sufficed.
Patrick James Jensen
Jensen paid $18,000 to another firmís trader and the traderís relative so that the trader would continue to conduct his firmís securities transactions through its account with Jensen. Also, while serving as the registered representative of record on a customerís corporate account, Jensen shared in losses and gains in the account without written authorization from his member firm or the customer, and he did not share in the profits and losses in direct proportion to his financial contributions to the account.
Patrick James Jensen: No fine in light of financial status; Suspended 1 year
|Bill Singer's Comment: When I am asked about the difference between working on Wall Street and other businesses, I often try to explain the concept of "regulatory law" -- and how things that are not necessarily wrong as a matter of law or in other businesses are deemed "violations" on the Street. Here is a perfect example. In some industries, Jensen would be called a go-getter -- a hustler for accounts, someone who would take bucks out of his own pocket to increase his take-home. On Wall Street such ingenuity and creativity is frowned upon. The payment to the trader/trader's relative is viewed as an inappropriate inducement. The sharing in the account must be done in strict accord with the rules, and that was apparently not the case here.|
Chuck Richard Hayworth
Hayworth prepared and submitted 403(b) Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) Distribution Request forms on public investorsí behalf authorizing the distribution of 403(b) assets to rollover Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) at his member firm. Although the investors had consented to the transfers, they were ineligible for rollovers because they were currently still employed by the 403(b) plan sponsor, and Hayworth was aware of their ineligibility but provided false employment-status information and forged the plan administratorís signature on each distribution request form to facilitate the rollovers.
Chuck Richard Hayworth: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: See similar facts in Patton. I'm guessing that in this case the Bar resulted in large part from the forgery, which was not present in Patton (only fined and suspended for 18 months).|
Carol Ann Geske (Principal)
After learning that a customerís enrollment form in a mutual fund had been rejected because it was submitted more than 30 days after it had been signed, Geske signed the customerís name on a new enrollment form without the customerís authorization or consent rather than asking the customer to sign a new application.
Carol Ann Geske (Principal): Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 month
|Bill Singer's Comment: OHHHHHHHHHHHH. OOOOOOOOH. Wow -- you really want to hate this case because you sort of understand Geske's likely frustration. But -- you can't really hate this case because FINRA came up with the right decision and a fairly modest sanction. One again, temptation is there to tempt you. Just copy this case and post it over your desk. Maybe when you hear the little voice in your ear telling you to cut corners, you'll look up and see this warning.|
Garcia directed an individual to telephone the insurance affiliate of his member firm for a client history interview and to impersonate an insurance customer to obtain approval of life insurance policies for the customer prior to the deadline date.
David Garcia: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: These impersonation cases are not as rare as many folks would believe. They pop up all over the place, and year after year. Word to the wise: You're not the first genius to think of this short-cut and chances are you will not be the last respondent caught, charged, and sanctioned for the same violation. I know it's tempting but, seriously, don't do it.|
Peggy Lyn Fry
Associated Person Fry, while associated with a member firm, she transferred, or caused the transfer of, $25,000 from a customerís brokerage account to her personal bank account, without the customerís knowledge or consent, by creating a false Automatic Clearing House Transaction Request Form to which she forged the customerís signature and used the funds to pay personal expenses. The firm repaid the customerís funds, plus interest, and then Fry repaid the firm.
Peggy Lyn Fry: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: A perfect example as to why "all's well that ends well" does not make for sound compliance or regulatory policy. Nice tight case from FINRA -- facts simply stated, sanction on the mark.|
Jason Adam Craig
Securities and Exchange Commission sustained findings of violation and sanctions on appeal of a National Adjudicatory Council decision on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers decision.
NASD found that Associated Person Craig willfully failed to disclose four felony charges and one misdemeanor conviction on his Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration ("Form U4") in violation of NASD Membership Rule IM-1000-1 and Conduct Rule 2110.The SEC imposed the sanction following appeal of a NAC decision. The sanction was based on findings that Craig willfully failed to disclose material information on his Form U4.
SEC Decision: http://sec.gov/litigation/opinions/2008/34-59137.pdf
Jason Adam Craig: Barred
Young Jin Chun
Chun created false documents by misrepresenting that a customer had not been previously declined life insurance on variable life insurance applications when, in fact, the customer had been previously declined life insurance. Moreover, Chunís actions caused the firmís books and records to contain false and misleading information related to the customerís life insurance application history.
Young Jin Chun: Fined $10,000; Suspended 1 year
Christopher John Brunert
Brunert fraudulently obtained a customerís signature on a wire transfer form in order to misappropriate $100,000 from the customer. Brunert transferred the funds into a bank account that he and a relative controlled for his own use and benefit, and used the funds to pay credit card debts and other expenses. He failed to respond to FINRA requests for information and to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Christopher John Brunert: Barred
Mary Mae Bickford
Bickford converted $21,667.05 of nonsecurities to her personal use by effecting unauthorized journal transactions from her member firmís suspense account to her personal brokerage account at the firm. Bickford failed to fully respond to FINRA requests for information.
Mary Mae Bickford: Barred
Michael Ross Berkoff
Berkoff failed to enter a stop-loss order a customer requested, and borrowed $8,000 from the customer in violation of his member firmís procedures and NASD Rules 2110 and 2370.
Michael Ross Berkoff: Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 business days
Joe Russell Bancroft
Bancroft misappropriated $10,500 worth of cash premium payments that he received from insurance customers for his personal use. He attempted to cover up his misuse of customer funds by depositing some of the more recent cash payments he received from customers into the accounts of other customers whose money he had previously misappropriated.
Joe Russell Bancroft: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Madoff light -- just as wrong but with half the calories.|
CMG Institutional Trading, LLC and Shawn Derrick Baldwin
Securities and Exchange Commission sustained findings of violation and sanctions on appeal of a National Adjudicatory Council decision on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers decision.
The firm and Baldwin failed to respond completely and fully to FINRA requests for information. For a commentary on this interesting case, see The Cost of Telling a Regulator to Go To Hell (figuratively, that is) at http://www.brokeandbroker.com/index.php?a=blog&id=118 What makes this case particularly interesting -- if not edgy? For starters, consider this language from the SEC's decision:
CMG Institutional Trading, LLC and Shawn Derrick Baldwin: Fined $25,000 jt/severally and suspended 2 years in all capacities.
Bill Singer's Comment: One thing for certain, only in the
Alice-In-Wonderland world of Wall Street regulation would respondents be
sanctioned for "failing to respond completely and fully," within
the context of a prosecution where the
Gail Marie Rodriguez
On three separate occasions, Rodriguez deposited $6.00 to an account she maintained at her bank through a bank automatic teller machine (ATM) but intentionally entered $600 into the ATM as the deposit amount. Immediately after each deposit, Rodriguez caused roughly $500 to be transferred directly from the account to which she made the deposits to a separate account she maintained at her bank to pay personal expenses. The funds transferred to the second account temporarily enabled Rodriguez to have sufficient funds in that account to satisfy all payments and withdrawals made against it.
Gail Marie Rodriguez: Fined $5,000;Suspended 4 months in all capacities
Michael Julius Resnick (Principal)
While associated with a member firm, Resnik contacted former member firm clients to determine if they were interested in moving their accounts to his current member firm so that he could provide assistance with the accounts. Resnick telephoned clients who had not responded to his earlier calls or correspondence, and left messages advising that he was going to submit a request to his former firm to have them reassigned to him as their registered representative unless they instructed him otherwise. When the clients did not respond to his call, Resnick cut and pasted their signatures to broker of record change forms without their authorization or consent. As a result of his actions, Resnick was able to continue to serve as the broker of record for the customersí mutual fund accounts, but his current firm terminated him for his misconduct and ultimately returned the accounts to his former firm.
Michael Julius Resnick: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Wow, I mean --- wow. In this day and age, and in light of all the recent cut-and-paste cases, and in light of the stink over Reg S-P...wow. Hard to believe that a Registered Principal (not even a mere Associated Person) would think that the protocol he used was okay.|
Ronald Pellegrino (Principal)
Securities and Exchange Commission sustained findings of violation and sanctions on appeal of a National Adjudicatory Council decision on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers decision.
Acting on a member firmís behalf, Pellegrino failed to develop an adequate supervisory system reasonably designed to achieve compliance with applicable securities laws, regulations and NASD Rules, and ignored ďred flagsĒ that should have resulted in additional supervisory scrutiny. Pellegrinoís supervisory failures resulted in firm registered representatives making unsuitable recommendations and misleading customers as to the risks of proprietary products over an extended time. Pellegrino facilitated the representativesí misconduct by promoting sales to firm customers rather than improving compliance. He failed to enforce the firmís written supervisory procedures regarding suitability determinations, and failed to take reasonable steps to monitor and have the firm perform appropriate individual suitability determinations based on each investorís personal financial needs as prescribed in the firmís supervisory and compliance manuals rather than solely on suitability guidelines.
Ronald Pellegrino: Barred in Principal capacity only.
Matthew Edward OíCallaghan
O'Callaghan improperly priced various corporate bond positions in his proprietary trading book to improve the profit and loss totals reported in his book. His member firm became aware of the mismarkings during a routine reconciliation of his positions for daily mark-to-market purposes. The mismarkings resulted in his firm recording inaccurate prices for corporate bonds on its books and records.
Matthew Edward OíCallaghan: Censured; Fined $10,000; Suspended 18 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: As noted earlier, Bravo! We are simply seeing more and more reported FINRA cases that note in-house compliance staff's efforts to detect and correct violations. Again, I would still like to see more commentary from FINRA as to how the member firm detected the improper pricing.|
Patricia Estela Murray
Murray charged a customer at her member firm a fictitious account ďmaintenance feeĒwhen her firm imposed no such fee on customers. Murray directed the customer to pay the fee by way of a personal check written out to ďcashĒ for $4,025.61, which Murray subsequently cashed.
Patricia Estela Murray: Barred
Rudy Rinehart Mueller
Mueller executed discretion in customersí accounts without prior written authorization that hismember firm accepted. In certain instances, Mueller exercised time and price discretion after the business day on which the customer granted authorization to purchase or sell a definite amount of a specified security, without the customersíwritten authorization.
Rudy Rinehart Mueller: Fined $10,000; Suspended 10 business days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: A few months ago I thought that this Time and Price issue looked like it was about to pop up its head. Looks like I was right. See this November 2008 article in Registered Rep. Magazine|
William Francis Kelly
Kelly borrowed $5,000 from a customer contrary to his member firmís written supervisory procedures prohibiting registered representatives from borrowing from a customer unless the customer was a family member; and the customer was not related to Kelly.
William Francis Kelly: Barred
Joseph William Hagan
Hagan evaded an Internal Revenue Service (IRS) garnishment of wages order by routing commissions he earned to an unregistered person at his member firm. Also, he willfully failed to disclose material information on his Forms U4.
Joseph William Hagan: Fined $10,000; Barred in Principal Capacity; Suspended 3 months all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: One of the very first things you learn upon becoming an adult is not to screw with the IRS. If you missed that course in school, consider this a belated education.|
Dhulsini Hemani De Zoysa
De Zoysa published research reports in which she made false, exaggerated, unwarranted or misleading statements, and published the reports, which she knew were false or misleading. De Zoysa was involved in a romantic relationship with an executive of a company within her coverage area and failed to disclose the relationship, which created an actual, material conflict of interest. In contravention of her firmís directive, De Zoysa created and deleted documents on her laptop computer after commencement of the firmís internal investigation.
Dhulsini Hemani De Zoysa: Fined $10,000; Barred in any capacity requiring the Research Analyst Series 86 (Analysis) and/or Series 87 (Regulatory Administration and Best Practices); Suspended 12 months in all capacities.
|Bill Singer's Comment: Can't wait to see the movie version of this -- or maybe I'll just wait for the cheaper DVD release. If there is one concern that I have with this case it's that Wall Street and its regulators seem to have a double-standard sometimes when it comes to the private lives of its male and female employees. We need to be very careful that we view as equally troubling the dalliances that men have with strippers and female subordinates. While I have no intent to detract from whatever the substantive conflict was that De Zoysa created, I wonder how many males are disclosing similar "romantic" relationships. What does trouble me with this case is that she was charged with failing to disclose her romantic relationship with a covered company's CEO/Chair in 19 reports, but only four of those reports were published during her three-month relationship. The subsequent 15 reports were issued no earlier than 2 months and in some cases over a year after the break-up. That doesn't make sense to me.|
Patrick Vern Clarkson
By engaging in this conduct, Clarkson received $41,667.98 in commissions from his firm, which subsequently reversed the commissions.
Patrick Vern Clarkson: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Another good in-house catch! Just shows you that firms can stay on the ball without being threatened all the time by heavy-handed regulators. Fact is, this is how things work best. Diligent in-house compliance staffs looking for trouble, finding it, and pouncing on it. Unfortunately, as we all know, you still need an outside, strong regulatory oversight for those situations in which the temptation of money outweighs the desire to do things right. Still -- if there were more of these scenaria then Wall Street would have far less trouble.|
Bill Q. Chen
Chen engaged in misuse of customer funds when, without a customerís knowledge, authorization or consent, he caused the transfer of $10,000 from the customerís bank account to the bank account of a business acquaintance to whom Chen owned money. The Firmís operations personnel detected the transaction and then Chen reversed it.
Bill Q. Chen: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Great job by the member's Ops personnel. One quibble with the manner in which this case was reported: Why not make this information truly educational for the industry by briefly explaining what the in-house staff detected and how they caught it.|
Christian Powers Call
Call supplied price quotes to a propriety trader at another broker dealer without any independent verification of the accuracy of the prices, but made it appear as if he were providing good faith price quotes. Had he attempted to verify the actual market prices of the corporate bonds at issue, he would have known that the pricing information he re-sent to the trader was inaccurate. The other trader relied on the inaccurate prices quotes to mark positions in his trading book, thereby enhancing his profit and loss statement at his firm, causing the firm to record inaccurate prices for corporate bonds on its books and records.
Christian Powers Call: Censured; Fined $5,000; Suspended 45 days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: This is certainly an odd one. Sounds as if FINRA is suggesting that Call sort of went through the motions of providing a corp bond quote --- almost as if he pretended to be punching in a price query or phoning someone for a quote, rather than simply saying, perhaps, that his best guess was $X and he was too lazy to verify? I get the Censure and Fine but the suspension seems a tad long.|
StockCross Financial Services, Inc.
StockCross failed to preserve all employee electronic communications, including personal email and instant messaging services. The Firms written procedures failed to provide for any reasonable follow-up and review to ensure that electronic communications were, in fact, being printed out and reviewed, and because it failed to adequately preserve employee electronic communications, it could not show that it was reviewing and approving them. The Firm failed to demonstrate that it was preserving or reviewing facsimile communications that branch office employees sent or received. The Firm failed to make and preserve books and records related to customer accounts, and failed to maintain a record of the individual at a branch office who could explain the types of records maintained at that branch and the information contained in the records.
StockCross Financial Services, Inc.: Censured; Fined $60,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Seems like it was only yesterday that the first affordable fax machines revolutionized offices -- and who can forget when we all jumped for joy when we bought the first plain paper machine and no longer had to deal with those thermal paper rolls. Alas, that's now old tech. Still, as this case shows, facsimile or otherwise, you have to preserve and review the communications in your branches.|
Schonfeld Securities, LLC
Schonfeld accepted customer short sale orders in certain securities and, for each order, failed to make/annotate an affirmative determination that the firm would receive delivery of the security on the customerís behalf or that the firm could borrow the security on the customerís behalf for delivery by settlement date. In connection with orders, the firm effected short sales in certain securities for its proprietary account(s) and failed to make/annotate an affirmative determination that the firm could borrow the securities or otherwise provide for securitiesí delivery by settlement date. The Firm accepted short sale orders in an equity security from another person, or effected short sales in an equity security for its own account, without borrowing the security, or entering into a bona fide arrangement to borrow the security; or having reasonable grounds to believe the security could be borrowed so that it could be delivered on the date delivery is due; and documenting compliance with SEC Rule 203(b)(1) of Regulation SHO. The Firm failed to provide documentary evidence that it performed the supervisory reviews set forth in its written supervisory procedures concerning NASD Rule 3370 and SEC Rule 203(b)(1). Also, the Firm failed to timely report Reportable Order Events (ROEs) to OATS.
Schonfeld Securities, LLC: Censured; Fined $47,500
|Bill Singer's Comment: As noted in National Investor Services below, lending practices seem likely to remain in the limelight of enhanced regulatory scrutiny. Moreover, if the member is engaged in proprietary trading, this seems to be a factor of increasing interest to FINRA.|
National Investor Services Corp.
National failed to establish, maintain and enforce an adequate supervisory system and written supervisory procedures to supervise its securities lending business and registered securities lending representatives to prevent and detect fraudulent activity.
The Firm failed to
National permitted a stock loan supervisor to review his own transactions.
National Investor Services Corp.: Censured; Fined $75,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: During the past couple of years, securities lending practices have attracted the interest of both criminal prosecutors and industry regulators. Moreover, given the role that such abuses may have played in a number of high-profile cases now underway, I expect that lending practices and their supervision will be a front-burner item for the near future. In this matter we are once again reminded about the ill-advised policy of permitting any supervisor to oversee his/her own transactions.|
EuroPacific Capital, Inc.
EuroPacific failed to
Also, the Firm's Website did not present balanced discussions of risks and contained misleading, exaggerated and unwarranted statements, and contained comparisons of services that failed to disclose all material differences.
EuroPacific Capital, Inc.: Censured; Fined $37,500
|Bill Singer's Comment: As previously discussed over the years, if you are an introducing firm, your FINRA Membership Agreement will typically not permit you to receive/hold customers funds or securities, and your Net Capital computation will likely include an exemptive provision just for that scenario. Unfortunately, customers sometimes inadvertently send in securities and cash, and if you do not promptly forward those on to your clearing firm (or return to the client with an admonition against further recurrences), the regulatory cascade effect can be daunting.|
Chase Investment Services Corp.
The Firm failed to accurately complete Forms U5 following the termination of registered representatives alleged to have committed theft, fraud or violations of investment-related rules. The failure to complete Forms U5 hindered the investing publicís ability to access information regarding the termination of registered representatives. Also, the Firm failed to establish and maintain a supervisory system and written procedures reasonably designed to achieve compliance with its obligation to complete and submit accurate Form U5 filings to FINRA.
Chase Investment Services Corp.: Censured; Fined $150,000
LF Financial, LLC and Jed Philip Kaplan (Principal)
Acting through Kaplan, LF Financial failed to
LF Financial, LLC: Censured; Fined $15,000 jt/several with Kaplan
Jed Philip Kaplan (Principal) Censured; Fined $15,000 jt/several with LF Financial
Hallmark Investments, Inc. and Steven Gary Dash (Principal)
Acting through Dash, Hallmark
Dash engaged in private securities transactions without providing prior written notice to his member firms or securing the firmsí written approval.
Hallmark Investments, Inc.: Censured; Fined $15,000
Steven Gary Dash (Principal) No Fine in light of financial status; Suspended 2 months in all capacities
Choice Investments, Inc. and Donald Arthur Itzen (Principal)
Acting through Itzen, Choice
Choice issued subsequent research reports that did not contain such disclosure.
Choice Investments, Inc.: Censured; Fined $20,000 ($10,000 Jt/severl with Itzen)
Donald Arthur Itzen (Principal): Fined $10,000 jt/sev with Choice; Suspended 20 business days in Principal capacity only.
Michael Francis Smith (Principal)
Smith failed to
Michael Francis Smith: Censured; Fined $10,000
Gerald Lee Thomason
Thomason entered false information in the firmís records by providing incorrect answers on firm forms, thereby concealing his violations of its policies. Thomason violated the firmís policies when customers, who were not related to him, purchased fixed annuity policies through him and made him their beneficiary without the firmís prior written permission. Thomason received a customerís mail at his home or at an address he controlled contrary to his firmís written policies and without written authorization.
Gerald Lee Thomason: Barred
Kimberly Ann Stain
In response to customersí requests to withdraw funds from bank-issued instruments each owned, Stain accessed the computer system of a bank affiliated with her member firm, and, in violation of the bankĎs internal policies and without its authorization, caused the customersí instruments to be liquidated in a manner that enabled them to avoid fees and/or charges that they otherwise would have incurred. This unauthorized conduct caused the bank to lose revenue to which it was entitled.
Kimberly Ann Stain: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 years
Bill Singer's Comment: Lemme see if I get this one. Stain --
aka Robin Hood -- is stealing from the big, nasty, old banks and bestowing
a reduction in fees/charges on her customers. She gets fined and
suspended. And when those same financial institutions steal from us and
run-up their fees and charges, they get --- oh, yeah, they get a taxpayer
What? You think I'm going a bit overboard here? You're entitled to your opinion, even if it's wrong. Anyway, this is my website. You don't like it...go start your own.
Ronald Harris Sirota (Principal)
Sirota attempted to settle a customer complaint by sending the customer a check and a letter for her to sign retracting the complaint, without providing prior notice to his member firm or obtaining the firmís consent.
Ronald Harris Sirota: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
|Bill Singer's Comment: For more examples of these undisclosed settlement cases, visit this link|
Richard Allen McGarrah (Registered Supervisor)
McGarrah instructed his assistant to withdraw $60,000 from the joint account of his customers, who were relatives, and make the check payable to them, forged their signatures on the issued check and deposited it into his personal account, without their knowledge or consent. McGarrah subsequently wrote a letter on firm letterhead, informing the customers that the withdrawal was an error and was being rectified, and forged the signature of a supervisor who was no longer employed at the firm to conceal his conversion of customer funds. McGarrah failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview.
Richard Allen McGarrah: Barred
L. Vincent Markovich
Markovich borrowed $14,480 from a firm customer, contrary to his member firmís compliance manual prohibiting borrowing money or securities from a customer.
L. Vincent Markovich: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days
Donald Walter Kiley
Kiley received $20,382.07 in compensation for participating in the sale of life settlements totaling $160,601.24, and failed to give prior written notice to, or receive prior written approval from, his member firm. The compliance manual for Kileyís member firm explicitly prohibited the sale of viatical and life settlements.
Donald Walter Kiley: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
Comment: Can you imagine that? The compliance manual explicitly (not
just plain-old but EXPLICITLY) prohibited viatical and life settlement
sales. Despite that prohibition, Kiley sold life settlements. I don't know
about you, but I was flabbergasted to read that someone could actually
sell something even though it's not permitted on a piece of paper. (Yeah,
I'm being a sarcastic bastard, in case the nuance was lost on you).
Here's my question: Any of these high-placed regulator types ever think that maybe we should set up a national data bank in which we monitor all financial services transactions and require fingerprints and social security numbers for all salesperson (oh, yeah, I forgot -- we already do require that stuff...okay, sorry again, just me being incredibly sarcastic). So, you know, like maybe any time a Donald Walter Kiley is the salesperson for a stock, bond, commodity, insurance policy, mortgage, his name could be cross-referenced by computer to see if his legally qualified to engage in such sales and that same amazing computer could generate form letters to notify all of his current employers as to his varied sales activities -- you know, just in case a brokerage firm might want to know that its written procedures were being violated? What's the point of all these rules and regulations if they are only enforced in the breach?
Armando Jaramillo Jr.
Jaramillo acted unethically and failed to deal fairly with a customer by inducing him to provide funds for an investment by falsely describing the investment as "risk free" and guaranteed a 35% return within 10 weeks; after 10 weeks, falsely told the customer he had sent payment; sent several checks backed by insufficient funds; and failed to repay the customer's funds until two years later. Jaramillo failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Armando Jaramillo Jr.: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Great. Wonderful. Just Super! FINRA gets Jaramillo but Madoff falls through the cracks. Well, at least Jaramillo seems to have fully repaid the client within two years. Maybe Bernie will use this case as a model?|
Eric Steven Goldberg (Principal)
Goldberg falsified information on wire authorization forms for customers who had ordered wire transfers, and submitted the falsified forms to his member firm. He fabricated a notaryís signature and commission stamp impression on a customerís wire authorization form. Goldberg failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview. (FINRA Case #)
Eric Steven Goldberg: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Some of you may laugh at this one and tell me that it's not a common problem. Oh yeah? Take a look at this published column of mine from 2006 in Registered Rep. Magazine!|
Rodney Scott Garretson (Registered Supervisor)
Garretson falsely represented to New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) Regulation examiners that his member firm did not employ any interns at the firmís branch office. Garretson denied to the regulators that the branch office he supervised employed non-registered cold callers who used telemarketing scripts. Garretson instructed staff at the branch office that, if asked, the branch office employees were to tell the regulators that there were no interns employed at the branch office. Garretson purposefully failed to correct his misleading statements to the regulators.
Rodney Scott Garretson: Fined $5,000; Suspended 6 months in all capacities
Keith Lowell Epstein
Epstein received $280,500 from customers in their nineties to hold for distribution to a relative upon their deaths. Epstein deposited the funds in an account for a business he operated and distributed the funds to individuals other than the customers. Epstein knew that his member firm prohibited his acceptance, commingling and misuse of the customersí funds, and after the firm discovered his activities, he repaid the customers. Also, Epstein failed to fully and timely respond to FINRA requests for information and documentation.
Keith Lowell Epstein: Fined $10,000; Suspended 2 years in all capacities
Clifford Dominick Devastey
Devastey completed documents for a customer to purchase a life insurance policy without the customerís knowledge or consent, back-dated the documents and forged the customerís signature on the documents. Devastey wrote a check from a closed checking account to pay the initial premium on the insurance policy, wrote the customerís name on the check and forged the customerís signature on it. Devastey submitted, or allowed the submission of, the documents for processing, and Devastey admitted to the forgeries only after the check bounced and the customer was asked to make the initial payment.
Clifford Dominick Devastey: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 years in all capacities
Maria Antonia Burgos
Burgos falsified customersí signatures on documents to effect transactions the customers requested, lthough they did not expressly give her permission to sign their names. Burgosí member firm detected an instance where she falsified customer signatures and confronted her about it. Burgos admitted to the falsification of these signatures only, but later admitted to the additional falsifications when the firm discovered them.
Maria Antonia Burgos: Fined $5,000; Suspended 1 year in all capacities.
David Francis Brochu (Principal) and Jill Schlesinger
Brochu and Schlesinger sold Class B units pursuant to a private placement memorandum containing inaccurate financial projections. Brochu and Schlesinger worked on the private placement memorandum, and Brochu supervised registered representatives who worked on the memorandumís financial projections. Brochu discovered inaccuracies in the financial projections contained in the memorandum and reported them to firm managers, but incorrectly determined that the inaccuracies were not material and did not disclose them to customers who had purchased the securities. Schlesinger accepted the determination that the inaccuracies were not material and should not be disclosed. Brochu and Schlesinger continued to use the inaccurate private placement memorandum to sell additional units. Acting through Brochu, a member firm failed to establish, maintain and enforce a reasonably designed supervisory system and written procedures regarding its registered representativesí private securities transactions.
David Francis Brochu (Principal): Fined $20,000; Suspended 15 business days in all capacities
Jill Schlesinger (Principal): Censured; Fined $10,000
Comment: Sorry, but I don't like this case because the facts as presented
by FINRA don't seem to support the sanctions. Let's break this case down
into a fairly simple fact pattern: Brochu discovered inaccurate financial
projections and reported his findings to management. For whatever
reason, Brochu "incorrectly determined" that the inaccuracies
were immaterial and continued to use the representations.
Seems to me that we have a fairly diligent Principal who actually read the memo and said: Hmmm, this doesn't look right, let me bring it to my boss' attention. Since FINRA doesn't tell us that the firm's management decided that the projections were materially inaccurate, I'm going to assume that such did not occur (why? Well, because, as FINRA says, that fact would be a material fact in this case and the regulator would certainly disclose that.) Similarly, since FINRA doesn't explain to us the nature of this material inaccuracy, I'm again going to assume that it's just not such a clear-cut error or the regulator would have taken the time to elucidate. So, Brochu is fined a whopping $20,000 and suspended for half a month because he found a mistake, told his firm, and mistakenly assumed that the goof was immaterial. C'mon -- since none of this appeared to be intentional, why the hell did FINRA load up on this guy? And don't even begin to get me started as to why Schlesinger got fined $10,000.
Bottom line: Why wouldn't a simple cautionary letter have been just as meaningful as the dollars and downtime in this specific case, with these specific facts. An unintentional mistake is not going to be prevented by such a fine or suspension. This just strikes me as an excuse to ring the cash register and act like a tough guy.
Please see an interesting Blog discussion of this case at
and then an unexpected revelation at
Paul Joseph Benz
Benz manipulated the thinly traded common stock of an oil and gas exploration company by making trades in a customerís account and making a market in the companyís common stock. Benz opened an account at his member firm for a corporate customer, and that Benzí close relative, who was the controlling manager of a hedge fund with a significant position in the company, controlled the account. Benz effected trades in the companyís stock in the account to create activity and raise the price of the stock for the purpose of inducing others to purchase it. Benz traded at the end of the month, which inflated the month-end value of the hedge fund, and in turn increased its monthly management fees, which benefited Benzí relative. Benz earned about $87,750 in trading commissions. Benz failed to respond to FINRA requests for documents and information, and to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Paul Joseph Benz: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: No, I don't need smelling salts but I am a bit dizzy. Two cases in a row--Bellia immediately below and this one -- and they are both above reproach. Concise. Nicely written. Gives guidance. Punishment fits the violation. Hmmm...maybe they're trying to get on my good side? Okay, give these folks a raise and promotion.|
Robert Anthony Bellia Jr. (Principal)
Bell failed to follow-up on ďred flagsĒ indicating possible misconduct by a registered representative. He failed to investigate why many of the representativeís accounts had ďsellouts,Ē and why certain of the representativeís new customer accounts failed to pay for securities purchases that had appreciated in value. Bellia failed to adequately enforce his member firmís heightened supervisory measures against the representative.
Robert Anthony Bellia Jr.: Fined $10,000; Suspended 10 business days in all capacities; Suspended 90 days in Principal/Supervisory capacities only.
Comment: Every so often FINRA manages what many think impossible: to
please me. This case is an example where I feel that it all comes
together. The report succinctly explains what the violations were and
doesn't appear to load up with extra shots. There is some helpful guidance
here: Supervisors should wonder why a given RR's accounts (that's plural)
are failing to pay for securities that have gone up in value. I
wholeheartedly concur that such a set of facts is a red flag -- in fact,
that's as pristine an example as I could imagine. Finally, the fine
here is no only appropriate ($10,000 seems calculated to make a strong
point) but the suspensions were crafted to impact the capacity in which
the misconduct occured rather than make Bellia sit down for 90 days in all
capacities, which would be misguided.
Kudos to FINRA on this one. Maybe you could promote the staff that handled this case?
Timothy Tilton Ayre (Principal)
Ayre failed to take appropriate action to supervise a firm registered representative reasonably designed to prevent him from permitting an unregistered individual from conducting a securities business with firm customers. Ayre ignored ďred flagsĒ indicating possible misconduct, failed to conduct any meaningful review of the registered representativeís activities, and never conducted an internal inspection of his office. Acting through his member firm, Ayre failed to establish, maintain and enforce a supervisory system and written procedures to supervise the activities of each registered person that were reasonably designed to achieve compliance with the applicable rules and regulations in the following areas: discretionary accounts, branch operation supervision, heightened supervision, form filings, business continuity planning, net capital requirements, Regulation S-P, transaction reporting and variable product suitability.
Timothy Tilton Ayre: Fined $10,000; Suspended 1 month in Principal Capacity only.
Legent Clearing LLC
Legent failed to develop and implement a written AML program reasonably designed to achieve and monitor its compliance with Bank Secrecy Act requirements. The written AML program did not adequately consider the money laundering risks its introducing firms posed; some of which were conducting high risk AML activities. The AML training program was deficient, and that the firm failed to provide an adequate AML training program for new and existing employees. The Firm failed to file, and to timely file, Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs), and failed to document any internal discussions it might have had, or the reason for any decision that it might have made, not to file an SAR. The Firm effected improper trades by permitting customers to sell securities in cash accounts before making full cash payment, which was in violation of Regulation T, and failed to properly restrict accounts from trading subsequent to this activity. The Firm failed to ensure that, for each transaction in a cash account, full cash payment was made within two days of the settlement of each purchase, regardless of whether or when the security was sold, and the firmís written supervisory systems and procedures did not adequately address the Regulation T provisions. The Firm failed to make accurate reserve computations.
Legent Clearing LLC: Censured; Fined $350,000; Required to adopt and implement policies and procedures reasonably designed to ensure compliance with Parts 220.8(a) and 220.8(b) of Regulation T, and to have an officer of the firm certify to FINRA, in writing within 60 days, that the firm has adopted and implemented such policies and procedures.
|Bill Singer's Comment: Not sure if this is a new trend, but I'm noticing a pick-up in cases involving both AML and Reg T violations. Let's watch this.|
Hudson Securities, Inc.
The Firm's AML procedures were not tailored to reflect its business model, but instead used procedures designed for retail firms although it was not a retail brokerage firm. The section identifying ďred flagsĒ of suspicious activity copied examples in NASD Notice to Members 02-21 and were not modified to reflect issues that might arise in its wholesale trading business. The findings also stated that the firmís supervisory procedures and compliance manual were not cross-referenced to the AML procedures, and failed to give employees guidance on what action to take in an AML context if suspicious activity was detected. The Firmís failure to customize its AML procedures to its business left employees to devise their own red flags to address the firmís market-making activities and to determine how to apply AML procedures.
Hudson Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $10,000
Comment: Okay, so I'm a cranky bastard at times and this type of case
tends to push my buttons. As best I understand it, this firm had
procedures and those procedures even included examples from an NASD Notice
to Members. Unfortunately (and, yeah, I get this point) the written
procedures didn't address the firm's wholesale trading. Fine, like I
said: I got that.
But why is it that firms like Hudson always wind up with the same issue? Why do FINRA members try to copy other's WSPs or wind up filling pages with cut and pastes from FINRA's website or other sources--and, admittedly, the result isn't exactly pretty to look at or often tailored for the member firm? You read your firm's WSPs within the last year? You even know where the WSP are in your firm? Yeah, I didn't think so. This isn't regulation. This is going through the motions.
I read the lecture from FINRA about things not being cross-referenced and a lack of guidance to employees. I mean, geez, we all know how very, very helpful cross-referencing is and that employees daily (hell, hourly) use the WSPs to ensure that they are always doing the correct thing (okay, you got me again -- more dripping sarcasm). And, for extra measure--you know, that one last unnecessary punch from the bully--we're told that because the firm didn't have the AMLs FINRA wanted ,that its poor employees were left to figure out how to make sure the company's market making was AML compliant. Talk about loading up that last punch.
Look, the problem here is two-fold. One is the fiction that WSPs do anything. Fact is, these written documents could be helpful but they've become so swollen with nonsense and fanciful language that they are little more than door stops. And don't blame me for that -- I'm just telling it like it is. Two is the sanction here: a whopping $10,000 fine for what...failing to add more useless information to a useless document? I'm not sure that a $100 or $1,000 fine isn't just as meaningful here.
Hedge Fund Capital Partners, LLC and Howard Gordon Jahre (Principal)
Acting through Jahre, the Firm filed a misleading and inaccurate Uniform Termination Notice for Securities Industry Registration (Form U5) in connection with a registered representativeís termination.
Hedge Fund Capital Partners, LLC: Censured; Fined $10,000
Howard Gordon Jahre: Fined $10,000; Suspended 10 business day in Principal Capacity
|Bill Singer's Comment: An interesting case. You rarely see any firm or individual cited these days for filing a "misleading and inaccurate" U5. Moreover, since FINRA did not allege that the filing was done willfully, this seems a fairly minor matter but still interesting for the sanctions.|
North American Clearing, Inc.
North American Clearing, Inc.: Expelled
|Bill Singer's Comment: On May 27, 2008, the SEC's ex parte motion for emergency relief was granted and a temporary restraining order was entered against the defendants and freezing North American Clearing's assets. The SEC requested the relief when it filed a complaint on May 27, 2008 against North American Clearing, its founder and director Richard L. Goble (at the time, a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Board member), its president Bruce B. Blatman, and its former financial and operations principal Timothy J. Ward, charging them with fraud and other securities laws violations. The SEC's complaint alleges that the defendants engaged in illegal activities, including the misuse of customer funds, in order to hide North American Clearing's financial problems and to pay for its daily business operations. http://www.sec.gov/litigation/complaints/2008/comp20602.pdf|
Without a bank customerís authorization or consent, Slusher transferred $4,000 from the customerís account to an account he had opened in a fictitious customerís name, then withdrew $300 from that account for his own use and benefit. Slusher also failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Michael Slusher: Barred
Diane Jo Savage
Savage altered a subscription agreement by signing a customerís initials on the agreement after the customer had failed to initial one section of the agreement. Savageís firm had both a specific policy prohibiting the alteration of subscription agreements and a more general policy requiring that firm records be truthful and accurate. Savage acknowledged that she was aware of the firmís policy against alteration of documents and knew it was a violation when she initialed the paperwork on the customerís behalf.
Diane Jo Savage: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: I have a love-hate relationship with these "initial" cases because, on the one hand, I understand that typically (but not always) the registered person is simply seeking expediency and trying to avoid bothering a client with a mere clerical/administrative matter; on the other hand, I fully appreciate, understand, and support to purpose of the rule because it is that parenthetical "but not always" that can cause serious disaster. Nonetheless, kudos to FINRA for apparently weighing all the issues here and imposing a modest but fair fine and suspension.|
Yvonne Yuliene Russell
Russell loaned $150,830 to a firm customer, but her member firm had policies prohibiting this activity, and she neither had permission to loan the funds, nor did she make her firm aware of the loans to the customer. Also, Russell engaged in an outside business activity, for compensation, without providing verbal or prompt written notice to her firm.
Yvonne Yuliene Russell: Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 business days in all capacities
Daniel Joseph Roberts
Roberts borrowed $10,000 from a public customer without written approval in accordance with his firmís written procedures, and engaged in an outside business activity with the expectation of compensation without prompt notice, written or otherwise, to his member firm.
Daniel Joseph Roberts: Fined $10,000; Suspended 100 days in all capacities
Jeff Yuejian Pan (Principal)
Pan completed and submitted to his member firm variable universal life insurance applications for public customers on which he falsified the customersí states of residence in order to circumvent state registration requirements because Pan was not registered in the states in which the customers resided. Also, Pan provided false financial information on an insurance application in connection with the purchase of a life insurance policy by a corporation he owned in order to obtain approval of the policy.
Jeff Yuejian Pan: Fined $5,000; Suspended 18 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: This state registration issue used to be a far more common violation; however, fading or otherwise, before you try this not-so clever ruse, please note the hefty suspension.|
Brian Robert Nord
Nord loaned to or borrowed from firm customers amounts ranging from $4,000 to $500,000, sometimes on more than one occasion, without his member firmís written approval in accordance with the firmís written procedures. Nord engaged in an outside business activity, for compensation, without prompt notice, written or otherwise, to his member firm, and failed to respond to a FINRA request to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Brian Robert Nord: Barred
Fred Luther May III (Principal)
May misappropriated $437,000 from a trust account for which an individual at his member firm acted as trustee. May transferred the funds to his own bank account by forging transfer requests with the trusteeís signature, without having provided May with authority to sign his name or to effect the transfers.
Fred Luther May III: Barred
Danny Lynn Kimbrough
Kimbrough borrowed $10,000 from a public customer and the loan document was re-executed in the loan amounts of $10,600 and $7,200. Kimbrough borrowed the funds without his member firmsí written pre-approval. Kimbrough signed a firm annual certification form in which he represented that he understood that borrowing from a customer was prohibited.
Danny Lynn Kimbrough: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months in all capacities
Clifford Michael Jensen,
Jensen exercised control over a customerís account, and made excessive and unsuitable securities transactions in the account in a manner inconsistent with the customerís objectives, financial situation and needs. Jensenís trading in the account resulted in losses of $32,000 to the customer and generated gross commissions of $49,000. Jensenís trading in the account was excessive and unsuitable based on the volume of transactions and the substantial fees associated with such trading.
Clifford Michael Jensen: Fined $10,000; Suspended 3 months in all capacities.
|Bill Singer's Comment: That's one hell of a strategy: $32,000 in losses plus $49,000 in commissions.|
Amalia Lillian Helton
Helton owed a bank $533 in overdraft charges and other charges to her checking account; wrote a check from another checking account for $533, knowing she had inadequate funds in the account and submitted the check to the first bank, but the check was returned for non-sufficient funds. Helton failed to respond to FINRA requests for additional information.
Amalia Lillian Helton: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: And this all has what to do with FINRA -- yeah, I know, but, puhlease, don't get me started. You think Madoff bounced any checks that FINRA could have gotten him for? How about those execs at the major firms now on taxpayer life support? You think that maybe there's some violation for spending $1 million on your office or throwing a lavish party? If any of you have any ideas, call FINRA with the tip.|
Jeffrey David Guckert
Guckert promised in an oral agreement to provide a financial service plan to a customer for two years and, instead of complying with the terms of the agreement and forwarding the customerís funds to his member firmís corporate office, Guckert endorsed the check and deposited it in an unknown account. Guckert provided some financial planning advice to his customer over a short time period, but resigned from his firm without notifying the customer that he would not be providing further services, and failed to return any of the funds paid by the customer for the agreed-upon services.
Jeffrey David Guckert: Barred
James Stanley Gossett
Gossett made unsuitable investment recommendations to public customers, in that they were inconsistent with each customerís financial situation, investment objective, circumstances and needs. In verbal and written communications with customers, Gossett made misleading or unwarranted claims about his investment strategy, particularly regarding investment risks, and made predictions or projections of the future performance of the strategy without providing a sound basis for evaluating his assertions. Gossett prepared and distributed to prospective customers sales literature about his investment strategy that failed to include risk disclosures and provided misleading information about past performance; provided incomplete and/or misleading information to customers about the performance of their investments and/or the account balance; and prepared an account statement for a customer in which he did not report all of the customerís account holdings and thus reported an account balance that was greater than actual.
Gossett exercised discretion in firm customer accounts without the customersí prior written authorization and his member firmís prior written acceptance. Gossett enlisted the service of a non-registered individual to solicit investors to open accounts with Gossett, promote Gossettís investment strategy, assist customers with completing application forms and serve as Gossettís primary point of contact. As compensation for the services, Gossett agreed to pay the individual half of the commissions he generated from trades in the customersí accounts.
In addition, Gossett opened a securities brokerage account with another FINRA member without providing written notice to his member firm and without advising the other firm of his association with a member firm; failed to disclose the account to his member firm after he opened the account; and failed to provide written notice to his member firm that he was engaged in an outside business activity. In response to a request for information, Gossett knowingly provided false and misleading information.
James Stanley Gossett: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: Awesome!!! Just re-print this case and send it around the office. It's a blueprint of nearly everything NOT to do. If this were a pinball game, we would have hit all the bumpers, gotten all the bonuses, and won a free ball at the end -- except, this isn't a game and, in the end, Gossett got barred. Not much of a prize.|
John Walter Fisher
Fisher solicited and accepted a $48,500 loan from a public customer without seeking or obtaining his member firmís written permission.
John Walter Fisher: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 business days in all capacities
Randle Wayne Farrar Jr.
Farrar forged his supervisorís signature on checks made payable to Farrar or to his creditors, and misappropriated $14,739.03 from his supervisorís business checking account. Farrar refused to provide a signed written statement and supporting documents FINRA requested regarding the circumstances surrounding the termination of his employment by his member firm.
Randle Wayne Farrar Jr.: Barred
Dennis Dean Dorn
Dorn signed customersí names to insurance-related documents in violation of his firmís policy prohibiting registered representatives from signing or initialing documents on customersí behalf, without exception. Some customers had authorized Dorn to sign their names, but others had not. Dorn signed a customerís name to a letter representing that the customer had removed a wire-transfer machine from his business premises so that an insurance company would renew the customerís policy, even though Dorn knew that the machine had not been removed and the customer had not authorized Dorn to sign his name on the letter.
Dennis Dean Dorn: Fined $5,000; Suspended 15 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: I've discussed this issue ad nauseum. You all know the drill by now. It just doesn't matter if the client says "okay," but your firm's policy is "no way." As to the wire-transfer machine issue -- what the hell?|
Because I find FINRA's write-up of this case amusing, I have reprinted
the monthly report verbatim:
Gabriela Frances Burse (CRD #1910360, Registered Principal, Orlando, Florida)
submitted a Letter of Acceptance, Waiver and Consent in which she was barred from
association with any FINRA member in any capacity. Without admitting or denying the
findings, Burse consented to the described sanction and to the entry of findings that
she participated in private securities transactions involving a fraudulent pyramid
scheme in the form of investment contracts, without prior written notice to, or written
permission from, her member firm.(FINRA Case #2007009262301)
Comment: (Dripping with intended sarcasm) Okay, so let me see if I
get this one. Burse participated in a "fraudulent pyramid
scheme." Okay, got that. And FINRA's problem is that she did so
"without prior written notice to, or written permission from, her
I guess Burse could have avoided this mess if she sent a simple, letter --- oh, no, please, let me write that for you:
Dear Member Firm:
I intend to participate in a fraudulent pyramid scheme in the form of investment contracts. This letter should constitute my formal, prior written notice to you. I am seeking your permission to further this fraud.
Gabriela Frances Burse.
Troy Eric Brown, Larry Michael Cole, and Jeffrey David Swanson AWC/2006004155203/#2006004155202/#2006004155201/February
Respondents allowed a subordinate client associate to complete the Firm Element training programs for them by completing the modules and taking the applicable proficiency tests using their user IDs and passwords.
Troy Eric Brown: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days in all capacities
Larry Michael Cole: Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days in all capacities
Jeffrey David Swanson: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 business days in all capacities
================================================================Michael Alvin Callaway
Callaway allowed a subordinate client associate to complete firm training programs, including FirmElement training, for him by completing the modules and taking the applicable proficiency tests using his User ID and password. Callaway condoned allowing client associates to complete firm training, including Firm Element training, for members of his business unit.
Michael Alvin Callaway: Fined $5,000; Suspended 3 months
James Albert Blue
Blue completed firm financial documents for customers containing their confidential financial information, which he provided to a third party, without the customersí knowledge, approval or consent, causing his member firm to violate Rule 10 of Regulation S-P. Blueís member firmwas unaware of his misconduct and failed to update its initial and annual privacy disclosures in violation of Rules 4 and 5 of Regulation S-P.
James Albert Blue: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: In 2008 we saw public uproar over industry disclosures of confidential information, and also saw FINRA/SEC action against firms for violation of Reg S-P. Clearly, we should expect far more enforcement activity in this area for 2009.|
Ching Yang Aul
Aul created and submitted falsified Letters of Authorization (LOAs) to his member firm that bore forged customer signatures requesting that the firm transfer funds from the customersí accounts to the accounts of people unknown to the customers but known to Aul. Aulís acquaintances transferred the funds to Aul, who used the funds for personal expenses including paying off large gambling debts. Aul converted more than $1.5 million of customer funds. Aul failed to respond to FINRA requests for information.
Ching Yang Aul: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: After some three decades on Wall Street, this type of case and its ilk no longer surprises me. What does surprise me is that the industry still uses an outdated system of notifying clients as to the cash and securities in their accounts (and the various attendant transactions), and similarly fails to properly notify and confirm with those same customers the submission of numerous LOAs, powers of attorney, transfer requests, etc.. In light of Madoff et al. it seems to me that at some point Wall Street must go to an independently verifiable system of documentation. We may well need to create a centralized clearinghouse that is charged with distributing daily, monthly, quarterly, and annual statements, and confirmation of varioius transactional documents. Sure, the crooks will always find some way to get around things but these cases mount, the sophistication of the fraudsters exponentially increases, and we're still sending paper statements via snail mail to far too many defrauded customers. Take a look at Anderson for a similar set of facts.|
Ward Byron Anderson
Anderson misappropriated money from public customersí pension plans. This is an interesting scheme, so let me set it out in order and some detail:
Andersonís company was a third-party administrator for a number of pension plans.
And now the fun begins:
In addition, Anderson failed to respond to a FINRA request for information and documents and to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Ward Byron Anderson: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: After some three decades on Wall Street, this type of case and its ilk no longer surprises me. What does surprise me is that the industry still uses an outdated system of notifying clients as to the cash and securities in their accounts (and the various attendant transactions). In light of Madoff et al. it seems to me that at some point Wall Street must go to an independently verifiable system of documentation. We may well need to create a centralized clearinghouse that is charged with distributing daily, monthly, quarterly, and annual statements. Sure, the crooks will always find some way to get around things but these cases mount, the sophistication of the fraudsters exponentially increases, and we're still sending paper statements via snail mail to far too many defrauded customers. Take a look at Aul for a similar set of facts.|
Dale Robert Aldieri
Aldieri performed certain supervisory functions requiring principal registration without being registered with FINRA in that capacity.
Dale Robert Aldieri: Fined $15,000; Suspended 6 months in all capacities
Stonehurst Securities, Inc.
The Firm distributed a mailing referencing private placements offered by the firm that were represented to be exempt from registration pursuant to SEC Rule 506 of Regulation D, which requires compliance with SEC Rule 502 that prohibits general solicitations. Because individuals who received the mailing lacked a pre-existing business relationship with the firm, the mailing was considered a general solicitation in contravention of SEC Rule 502 and therefore, the firmís transactions did not qualify for an exemption under SEC Rule 506--no other exemption was available and the securities were not registered. Individuals made investments in the offerings and the transactions constituted the sale of unregistered securities. The firmís supervisory system and its written supervisory procedures addressed private placements but were not reasonably designed to achieve compliance with the registration requirement of Section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933 or the eligibility requirements for Regulation D exemptions. The system and procedures did not provide adequately for the detection and prevention of general solicitations by firm personnel.
Stonehurst Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $25,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Aiiiiiiiiiiii!!!! This is like Private-Placement 101. If you're doing a 506 you can NOT undertake any general solicitation. Sure, there are some nuanced exceptions but the devil is in the details. Maybe this would be a good time to cough up a few bucks for a lawyer? It certainly would have cost far less than $25,000 for that advice.|
Nexcore Capital, Inc.
The Firmís membership agreement with FINRA precluded it from holding customer securities and, without filing an application for approval of a material change in business operations, the firm held customer securities on numerous dates within an eight-month period. The Firm conducted a securities business without maintaining its required net capital and maintained materially inaccurate computations of its excess net capital in its books and records for several months.
Nexcore Capital, Inc.: Censured; Fined $35,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Usually the electronic communication involves e-mail, but, as we see, FINRA will go after firms for non-compliance with record retention rules for Instant Messaging. Of course, I'm still stuck on the prior case, and trying to figure out why Meyers Assoc. got hit with a $60,000 fine in light of the fact that Nexcore only paid a $35,000.|
Meyers Associates, L.P.
The Firm failed to establish and maintain a system to retain for more than 30 days its electronic communications related to the firmís business, including emails firm employees sent or received, and failed to retain a record of supervisory review of those electronic communications for production to FINRA upon request.
Meyers Associates, L.P.: Censured; Fined $60,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: A $60,000 fine for failing to retain email? That sounds quite a hefty price. If the emails were needed for some arbitration or regulatory investigation, that's one thing -- and FINRA should note same in its monthly report. Simply based upon what the regulator has set forth, this sounds draconic. If you disagree, then please look at Nexcore and explain to me why that firm paid nearly one-half the fine. The difference is what?|
Kern, Suslow Securities, Inc.
The Firm failed to develop and implement a customer identification program. The Firmís Checks Received and Forwarded Blotter or an equivalent record was inadequate in that the firm failed to record checks received. The Firm failed to develop and maintain a continuing and current education program for its covered registered persons for one year, in that it failed to develop a written training plan outlining the Firm Element program and failed to maintain records documenting the content and completion of the Firm Element by its covered registered persons.
Kern, Suslow Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $22,500
|Bill Singer's Comment: How you can fail to develop/implement a CIP in this day and age is truly puzzling. But okay, maybe they thought they had one or they had one, but FINRA was being too picky. Then of course we have to tip our hat to the Firm for failing to record checks received--now that's quite a feat! But, okay, maybe they don't get that many checks and the few that came in they simply deposited without maintaing a formal blotter. However, when you add to the two prior charges the failure to develop/maintain a CE program or to maintain a training plan (I mean, geez, you can cut and paste one of those or pay a few bucks to a consultant), you gotta admit that FINRA raise a tad too many "failures" for it all to be coincidental.|
David A. Noyes & Company
The Firm failed to enforce written supervisory procedures, in that it failed
The Firm failed to enforce written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent the misuse of material, non-public information by the firm or any person associated with it.
David A. Noyes & Company: Censured; Fined $22,500; Required to revise its supervisory system regarding
Comment: To my many friends and former colleagues at FINRA (and to those
of you who have my face on a dart-board), please read what follows
Noyes is as close to a perfect self-regulatory case as I could hope for! First, FINRA is truly on the side of the Angels with this one because it goes to the heart of what regulation needs to do. Few things undermine the public's confidence more than the appearance of insider trading or the leaking of inside information. As such, this case touches on two important regulatory concerns. On the other hand, since there is no allegation of any insider trading or misuse of inside information, it seems that FINRA was largely citing lapses in the member's supervisory system--which perfectly plays into the need for proactive regulation. Finally, while FINRA could have imposed a six-figure fine, the outcome here seems fair and balanced: a relatively modest fine and an even more important effort to deal with the problem in the most direct and effective means, e.g., rewrite the offending written supervisory policies/procedures.
Now if you folks would just stay the course here, maybe I could continue to send you these laudatory comments. We'll see.
AXA Advisors, LLC
"FINRA found that the deficiencies did not result in the firmís failure to produce emails that were material to any regulatory investigation or legal proceeding."
AXA Advisors, LLC: Censured; Fined $350,000
Comment: An ongoing problem with Books and Records issues is the
preservation of electronic communications. Back-up tapes are often
not cataloged or properly archived--or, somewhat comically, get written
over every few days, weeks, or months. Of course, if you need to
save those tapes for a few years, writing over them every few weeks or
months isn't going to accomplish the archival goal. In AXA, I was
taken by the fact that a major firm with vast financial and technological
resources (compared to typical FINRA members) failed to implement a system
that prevented RRs from simply changing a desktop setting to impede the
auto-archive function. Also, AXA's RRs could simply delete or move
emails prior to the daily back-up.
Separately, and "no" I can't resist taking this shot, I hope that FINRA and the SEC both note that AXA was charged with using a supervisory system that "malfunctioned" and prevented the organization from having "adequate systems and procedures in place to detect and prevent the malfunctions." Perhaps when the Madoff affair and other fraud cases are finally over, some independent prosecutor will investigate apparent lapses by Wall Street's regulators and similarly conclude and charge that those regulators implemented malfunctioning regulatory policies and procedures that failed to detect and prevent fraud. Of course, unlike FINRA's conclusion in the AXA case, I would likely argue that such "deficiencies" did result in harm to the public.
G.C. Andersen Partners Capital, LLC and Bruce Neal
Acting through Orr, the Firm participated in private placements that were contingent upon receiving a minimum and/or a maximum of investor funds and during the offering periods, the firm failed to transmit investor funds to a bank that had agreed, in writing, to hold such funds in escrow for the investors until the offering contingency was met but, instead, investor funds were held in an account over which Orr had control as escrow agent. As a result of the firmís control over the funds held in connection with the private placements, it was deemed to be in control of customer funds, which resulted in an increase in its net capital requirement, but the firm was found to be deficient in its net capital while conducting a securities business.
On the firmís behalf, Orr failed to maintain a Cash/Checks Received and Forwarded Blotter, or an equivalent record to reflect the receipt and/or forwarding of funds as required by SEC Rule 17a-3. The Firm did not have an adequate email retention system and therefore failed to adequately preserve emails as required. The Firm failed to establish and maintain a supervisory system reasonably designed to ensure compliance with applicable laws, rules and regulations in connection with the private placements conducted by the firm, and the firm failed to retain a written record of the dates upon which reviews and branch office inspections were conducted.
G.C. Andersen Partners Capital, LLC: Censured; Fined $65,000
Bruce Neal Orr (Principal): Censured: Fined $15,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: The old bug-a-boo of not properly escrowing private placement funds just never seems to die. Once again, you must keep investor funds in a proper escrow account until all contingencies are met, or return those funds in accordance with the offering's terms. This violation frequently snowballs into a Net Cap problem because the typical exemption does not countenance an introducing firm holding customer funds or securities (which is often the default mode for a failed escrow account).|
First NewYork Securities, L.L.C.; Larry Chachkes; and Joseph Eric Edelman
Acting through Chachkes, Edelman and others, the Firm sold securities short during the five business days before the pricing of public offerings and then engaged in covering transactions with shares from public offerings in violation of SEC Rule 105: Short selling in connection with a public offering.
The Firmís supervisory system
First NewYork Securities, L.L.C.: Censured; Fined $170,000; Ordered to disgorge $171,504.44 in unlawful profits; Required to revise its written supervisory procedures to achieve compliance with, and prevent violations of, Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Rule 105, and to include the supervisory steps to be taken by the responsible person in connection with SEC Rule 105 supervision.
Larry Chachkes:Censured; Fined $30,000
Joseph Eric Edelman: Censured; Fined $50,000
|Bill Singer's Comment: Rule 105 of Regulation M governs short selling in connection with public offerings and concerns short sales that are effected prior to pricing an offering. The rule is particularly concerned with short selling that can artificially depress market prices which can lead to lower than anticipated offering prices, thus causing an issuerís offering proceeds to be reduced. The rule is intended to foster secondary and follow-on offering prices that are determined by independent market dynamics and not by potentially manipulative activity. Note that PIPEs generally did not fit within the elements of former Rule 105. One reason for this is that PIPEs are typically not conducted on a firm commitment basis. PIPE offerings not conducted on a firm commitment basis continue to be excepted from Rule 105, however other areas of the securities laws continue to apply to PIPE offerings.|
Fifth Third Securities, Inc. and Cynthia Lynn Davenport (Principal)
Acting through Davenport and other individuals, the Firm
The Firm failed to establish and maintain adequate written procedures to supervise the use of Web CRD, and failed to adequately train and supervise all of the employees who were permitted access to Web CRD to ensure that the requisite written consents were obtained prior to conducting all Web CRD searches.
Fifth Third Securities, Inc.: Censured; Fined $20,000 ($5,000 jt/sev with Davenport)
Cynthia Lynn Davenport (Principal): Fined $5,000 jt/sev with Firm; Suspended 2 months in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: We had a rash of these Web CRD search cases in 2007 and then they seemed to peter out. Who knows -- maybe FINRA is circling back to this issue? See, Wall; Skandia, Augusta, White Mt.|
Lance Jeffrey Ziesemer (Registered Supervisor)
Without permission or authorization from his member firm, he paid $29,000 to public customers in an attempt to prevent them from filing a complaint against him with his firm.
Lance Jeffrey Ziesemer: Fined $5,000; Suspended 20 business days in all capacities
Brian Mark Wacik
Wacik borrowed $45,000 from a public customer, contrary to his member firmís policy prohibiting registered representatives from borrowing froma customer, and concealed the loan from his member firm by falsifying a response on an annual compliance questionnaire, and failed to repay $40,000 of the loan. Wacik willfully failed to disclose material information on his FormU4. (FINRA Case #)
Brian Mark Wacik: Ordered to pay $40,842.78, plus interest, in restitution to a public customer; Barred
Jeffrey Eugene Tipton
Tipton engaged in an outside business activity, for compensation, without prompt written notice to his member firm. Also, he loaned $600 to a public customer in breach of his firmís procedures that prohibited borrowing and lending transactions with customers. Tipton failed to appear for a FINRA on-the-record interview.
Jeffrey Eugene Tipton: Barred
Jeffrey Michael Stebbins
Stebbins engaged in his member firmís investment banking and securities business in capacities requiring registration as a representative and principal, but he was not registered in those capacities. Stebbins engaged in an outside business activity, for compensation, without prior written notice to his member firm. Stebbins had a beneficial interest in securities accounts maintained at other member firms and failed to disclose to the carrying broker-dealers that he was associated with FINRAmembers, and also failed to give his member firms written notification that he had a financial interest in securities accounts with the carrying broker-dealers.
Stebbins knowingly provided false and/or misleading information in response to FINRA requests for information; and failed to respond to FINRA requests to appear for an on-the-record interview and to provide information and documents.
Jeffrey Michael Stebbins: Barred
Shane David Mispel
Without his member firmís knowledge or consent, Mispel borrowed $20,000 from a public customer in contravention of his firmís procedures prohibiting the borrowing and lending money between a registered person and the firmís customers.
Shane David Mispel: Fined $5,000; Suspended 30 days in all capacities
John Gilbert Marshall Jr.
Marshall engaged in a private securities transaction despite his member firmís denial of authorization because the size of the investment would concentrate too much of a trustís assets in a single investment. Marshall requested his firm to wire the transaction amount to an outside bank account where it was invested in the hedge fund through Marshallís partner, knowing it was an unapproved private securities transaction. Marshall failed to provide an accurate and complete response to his firm when asked why the trust was moving funds out of the firm.
John Gilbert Marshall Jr.: Fined $7,500; Suspended 6 months in all capacities
Comment: I'm sorry but, geez, how stupid can someone be? A
registered person asks permission to engage in a private securities
transaction on behalf of a client trust. His member firm not only says
"no," which is all that it is required to do, but apparently
goes the extra step and explains its discomfort with the proposed
allocation of the trust's assets into the single proposed investment: a
hedge fund. Not satisfied with the rejection, Marshall not-so-cleverly
wires the transaction funds from the trust account into an outside bank
account, where it was then invested into the hedge fund. I mean --
duh -- don't those circumstances just scream out to the member firm that
you're trying to do an end run?
See the Private Securities Transactions page for more details
Madeline Marie Langlois
Contrary to the instructions given her, Langlois left the testing center during the course of the Series 66 examination, reviewed written notes that contained material relevant to the examination, returned to the testing center and completed the examination.
Madeline Marie Langlois: Fined $5,000; Suspended 2 years in all capacities; Required to retake and pass the Series 66 prior to resuming registered activity
|Bill Singer's Comment: How I wish that Compliance Dept's. would publicize this case with the admonition that it's just better to not take the test or to take it and simply fail, then it is to cheat and risk getting caught -- along with the heavy-duty sanction of a 2-year suspension and fine.|
Richard Francis Kresge (Principal)
On remand from Securities Exchange Commission to the National Adjudicatory Council (NAC)
NASD barred Kresge in all capacities, ordered restitution to the customers at issue in the amount of $3,866,426, plus interest, and assessed costs of $9,519.61. NASD stated, ď[W]e aggregate respondentsí misconduct for purposes of imposing sanctions because such misconduct emanated from a single, underlying problem: respondentsí addition of, and failure to monitor, the Brooklyn office.Ē
The SEC sustained NASDís findings that Kresge violated Conduct Rules 2110, 3010, and 3070(c) and Membership and Registration Rules 1021(a), 1031(a), IM-1000-1, and IM-1000-3. However, the SEC set aside NASDís findings that Kresge was liable for violations by certain registered representatives of Yankee Financial of Exchange Act Section 10(b), Exchange Act Rule 10b-5, and Conduct Rules 2120, 2310, and IM-2310-2. The SEC set aside FINRA's earlier findings that Kresge had secondary liability for such fraudulent and unsuitable recommendations. Accordingly, the SEC remanded this proceeding to NASD for a redetermination of the sanctions to be imposed upon Kresge.
Kresge failed to
The NAC considered Kresgeís violations as a whole and imposed the sanction of a bar in response to the totality of the misconduct. The NAC weighed each violation, in addition to Kresgeís ďhighly troublingĒ disciplinary history, and found a bar necessary ďto protect investors.Ē
Richard Francis Kresge: Barred
Jordan failed to
Dennis Jordan: Fined $60,000; Barred in Principal capacities only.
Alan Lawrence Jacobs (Principal)
Jacobs failed to properly supervise the private securities transactions of registered representatives at his member firm and failed to ensure that the transactions were recorded on the firmís books and records.
Alan Lawrence Jacobs: Fined $10,000; Suspended 30 business days in Principal capacities only.
|Bill Singer's Comment: Although Private Securities Transactions are quite common, I've posted this case because it provides a rare example of a Principal being sanctioned for failing to supervise such activities.|
Stephen Colley Harris
Harris falsified an annuity distribution request form by cutting signatures from another document and taping them to the form, then transmitting or causing it ot be transmitted to the insurance company for payment. Harris forged a customerís initials without his knowledge, authorization or consent on a Subscription Agreement that the customer had previously signed, and then submitted it to the issuer. Harris failed to respond to FINRA requests for information and to appear for an on-the-record interview.
Stephen Colley Harris: Barred
Gino Nick Chiappetta (Principal)
While associated with a member firm, Chiappetta loaned $14,222.45 to unrelated public customers in violation of the firmís written procedures that prohibited its registered representatives from borrowing or lending to customers unless the customer is an immediate family member of the representative.
Gino Nick Chiappetta: Fined $5,000; Suspended 5 business days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: Here's a bit of an oddball: a broker is fined and suspended NOT for borrowing money from clients but for LENDING money. Yeah -- look it up under NASD Rule 2370.|
Laird Quincy Cagan (Principal)
Cagan failed to inform his member firm of securities accounts he maintained at other member firms; and failed to provide written notice of his association with a member firm to the member firms where he maintained accounts.
Laird Quincy Cagan (Principal): Fined $5,000; Suspended 10 business days in all capacities
|Bill Singer's Comment: Year after year I write about these "Outside Account" issues, and year after year they keep popping up. I'm going to set up a box atop this matrix under Enforcement Trends to monitor these matters.|
Carlton Capital, Inc.
The Firm failed to comply with the Taping Rule, in that it
During a later period, the Firm installed a new system that recorded telephone calls to the hard drives of the computers on representativesí desks, which was not password protected and was backed up by the firm only once a year, and which allowed representatives access to erase recorded telephone calls.
Carlton Capital, Inc.: Censured; Fined $40,000; Required to Comply with the NASD Rule 3010(b)(2) (the Taping Rule) for an additional three years until February 17, 2012 and to Retain an independent consultant to conduct a comprehensive review of the adequacy of its policies, systems and procedures (written and otherwise) and training related to compliance with the Taping Rule, and adopt and implement the consultantís recommendations
|Bill Singer's Comment: After so many years, I am still not a fan of the Taping Rule. Not because the rule doesn't make sense -- to the contrary, it does. What irks me is that is is mainly used against boiler-rooms pennystock firms, when it should also be used to punish the equally fraudulent practices of far larger firms. Alas, many of those big boys who would never be deemed a disqualified firm. As if a large firm would ever be expelled for wrongdoing. Perish the thought.|
First Dallas Securities, Inc. and Eric Jay Marshall (Principal)
The Firm permitted Marshall
The Firm and Marshall provided a subject company with a draft copy of a research report that contained prohibited information before the report was published.
Acting through Marshall, the Firm issued research reports that failed to disclose that Marshall and/or a member of his household had a financial interest in the securities of the subject company and the nature of the financial interest.
The Firm failed to
The Firm's research reports did not include clear, comprehensive and prominent disclosures regarding whether it or any of its affiliates, officers or employees held interests in the subject companiesí securities.
First Dallas Securities: Censured and fined $50,000 ($10,000 of which was jointly and severally with Marshall)
Eric Jay Marshall: Fined $10,000 jt/sev with Firm and an additional $5,428.07 (includes $428.07 in disgorged trading profits; Suspended 15 days as a research analyst
|Bill Singer's Comment: Years and years after the massive research rules overhaul and firms and folks still can't get it right. If you're still in doubt, go read NASD Rule 2711. Research Analysts and Research Reports.|
Harvest Capital Investments, LLC and Dennis Cotto
National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) imposed sanctions on appeal from Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) Decision
Acting through Associated Person Cotto, the Firm
Cotto failed to produce certain documents at a FINRA on-the-record interview, and willfully failed to amend his Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer (Form U4) to disclose material information.
Harvest Capital Investments, LLC: Expelled
Dennis Cotto: Barred
|Bill Singer's Comment: At first blush you think -- Associated Person??--hmmm, must be some green kid. However, when you read the case, you find that in 1998 when Cotto purchased Harvest Capital he was a licensed attorney and real estate broker "and knew nothing about the securities industry." Even more intriguing, in connection with a separate 2004 FINRA investigation about Cotto's functioning as an unregistered Principal, he settled the case for a six-month suspension and $5,000 fine. Amazingly, much of the cited misconduct occurred during Cotto's six-month suspension. It's a very interesting tale and I urge you all to read FINRA's decisions noted above.|